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Dogovori o omejitvi in izključitvi odgovornosti za kršitev prodajne pogodbe
Aldžić Matiš, Žan Timon (Author), Možina, Damjan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Dogovori o omejitvi in izključitvi odgovornosti predstavljajo pomemben del tako nacionalne kot tudi mednarodne prodaje. So dogovori, ki omejujejo ali izključujejo odgovornost stranke, ki svoje obveznosti ni izpolnila oziroma jo je izpolnila z napako. Konvencija Združenih narodov o pogodbah o mednarodni prodaji blaga takšnih dogovorov ne ureja izrecno, a je mogoče preko zapolnjevanja pravnih praznih ugotoviti, da se stranki lahko dogovorita za omejitev ali izključitev odgovornosti. Ker konvencija ne ureja veljavnosti pogodbe, se bo potrebno za odgovor o veljavnosti v vsakem konkretnem primeru obrniti na nacionalno pravo. Za razliko od konvencije, Načela mednarodnih gospodarskih pogodb UNIDROIT takšne dogovore izrecno urejajo in jih, če le niso skrajno nepravični, tudi dovoljujejo. Dogovori o omejitvi in izključitvi odgovornosti so v določenem obsegu dovoljeni tudi v slovenskem Obligacijskem zakoniku in so ločeno urejeni za primere neizpolnitve ter nepravilne izpolnitve. Zakonska ureditev je po mojem mnenju nejasna, kar gre med drugim pripisati prav delitvi kršitve pogodbene obveznosti na neizpolnitev in izpolnitev z napako. Dogovorov o omejitvi in izključitvi pa ne bomo srečali le pri običajnih prodajnih pogodbah, ampak tudi pri potrošniški prodaji. Ne glede na njihovo pogostost v takšnih pogodbah je potrebno poudariti, da tako evropske direktive kot tudi ZVPot, takšne dogovore označujejo za nične, saj zakonskih pravic potrošnikov s pogodbo ni mogoče omejiti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:dogovori o omejitvi in izključ, itvi odgovornosti, neizpolnitev, izpolnitev z napako, veljavnost, CISG, PICC, Obligacijski zakonik, Direktiva, ZVPot, potroš, niš, ka prodaja
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:16043089 Link is opened in a new window
Views:635
Downloads:545
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Contractual limitation and exclusion of liability for a breach of contract for the sale of goods
Abstract:
Limitation and exclusion clauses represent a vital part of national as well as international sales. They are contract terms, which limit or exclude liability of a party in the event of its non- performance or defective performance. Such clauses are a matter governed by the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods however, they are not expressly settled in it. While parties can incorporate such clauses in the contract, their validity should be assessed according to the applicable national law as the question of validity goes beyond the scope of the Convention. Contrary to the Convention, UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts explicitly govern limitation and exclusion clauses and allow them as long as they are not grossly unfair. Such clauses are also allowed (to some extent) in the Slovenian Obligation Code which consists of separate provisions for both non- performance and defective performance. Our statutory regulation of limitation and exclusion clauses is in my opinion unclear, one of the reasons being the aforementioned division between non-performance and defective performance. In addition to the commercial contracts, limitation clauses can also be found in consumer sale contracts. While being very common in such contracts it must be pointed out that according to the EU Directives and the Consumer Protection Act such clauses are void as parties cannot limit or exclude the rights of a consumer.

Keywords:limitation and exclusion clauses, non-performance, defective performance, validity, CISG, PICC, Obligations Code, Directive, Consumer Protection Act, consumer sales

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