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Uporaba metode didaktične igre pri obravnavi učne vsebine svetloba v 3. razredu osnovne šole
Kisovec, Urša (Author), Susman, Katarina (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/4973/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Igra je opredeljena kot aktivnost oziroma dejavnost, ki se je posameznik loti spontano, brez kakršne koli zunanje prisile, zaradi določenega zadovoljstva in veselja, ki mu ga prinese, in ne zaradi končnega rezultata in posledic. Znotraj širokega pojma igre obstaja ožji pojem didaktičnih iger, katerih namen je ta, da pri učencu razvijajo njegov kognitivni razvoj, vplivajo na mišljenje, branje, pisanje, razumevanje števil idr. Didaktične igre povečujejo motivacijo, zanimanje in pozornost ter naredijo učenje zanimivejše. V empiričnem delu sem raziskala, katere stopnje znanja po revidirani Bloomovi taksonomiji in katere učne cilje, zastavljene v učnem načrtu, dosegajo učenci treh oddelkov 3. razreda osnovne šole po obravnavi učne vsebine. Hkrati sem raziskala, ali obstaja povezava med izkazanim znanjem in metodo dela (didaktične igre in frontalna oblika dela) ter prisotnostjo povzetkov ob koncu ure. Pri raziskovanju sem si izbrala temo svetloba. Igre, ki sem jih uporabila pri svoji raziskavi so senčno gledališče Plesni večer, namizna igra »Svetlobni detektivi«, povzeta po Vencelj A. (2016) in kviz »Male svetlobne celice«. Raziskavo sem izvajala na mestni šoli v osrednjeslovenskem prostoru. V raziskavo sem vključila 60 otrok starih 8 in 9 let. V A in B razredu je bilo 21 učencev, v C pa 18. Vzorec, ki sem ga uporabila je bil neslučajnostni in namenski, metoda deskriptivna, v kateri sta se prepletala kvalitativni in kvantitativni pristop. Pri zbiranju podatkov sem uporabila več različnih tehnik in instrumentov. Pred izvedbo učnih ur sem s preizkusom znanja in skupinskim strukturiranim intervjujem učencev preverila njihovo predznanje. Doseganje učnih ciljev in znanje učencev sem preverila s preizkusom znanja po obravnavi vseh učnih ur. Rezultati raziskave so pokazali, da učenci pri pouku v katerega je vključena metoda didaktične igre dosegajo učne cilje boljše kot pri klasični obliki pouka. Učenci so v skupini, v kateri sem kot metodo poučevanja uporabljala didaktične igre, v povprečju dosegli večji napredek glede na posamezno nalogo, kot skupina, v kateri sem za poučevanje uporabila tradicionalno frontalno metodo. Napredek skupine poučevane s frontalno metodo je boljši pri nižjih taksonomskih stopnjah, medtem, ko so pri doseganju ciljev višjih taksonomskih ravni uspešnejši učenci poučevani z metodo didaktične igre. Učenci, ki so bili poučevani s frontalno metodo so v povprečju dosegli boljše rezultate in pokazali večji napredek, kot učenci poučevani z metodo didaktične igre. Glede na povprečno število doseženih točk na predtestu in potestu sem za vsako skupino posebej lahko izračunala normiran prirastek (g). V skupini A in C je bil normiran prirastek pozitiven, g = 0,24 in g = 0,54. Raziskovala sem tudi vpliv sklepnih ugotovitev na znanje učencev. Sklepne ugotovitve ob koncu šolskih ur v moji skupini ne vplivajo na doseganje ciljev in dosežke na preizkusu znanja. Na to kažejo slabši rezultati tiste polovice učencev s katerimi sem ob koncu posamezne šolske ure izvajala povzetke in ponovila obravnavano učno snov.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:igra
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:11909961 This link opens in a new window
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Downloads:109
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Didactic games as a teaching method in teaching about light in the 3rd grade of primary school
Abstract:
Play is defined as an activity that an individual enters spontaneousely without any extrinsic motivation for pleasure and enjoyment and not for the end result or consequences. A part of the wider term of play is the narrower term of didactic games which are inteded to help with the student's cognitive development, influence his thinking, reading, understanding of numbers etc. Didactic games increase motivation, interest and attention and make learning more interesting. In the empirical part I researched which levels of the revised Bloom's taxonomy and which learning objectives, which are set in the curriculum, are achieved by the students of three third grade classes of primary school after teaching the contents. At the same time I have looked into the possible connection between the achieved knowledge and the methods (didactic games and teacher centred approach) and summarizing at the end of lessons. I chose the topic of light for my research. The games I used are shadow theatre »Dance night«, a board game »Light detectives« taken from Vencelj A. (2016) and a quiz »The little light cells«. I conducted my research at a city school in central Slovenia. There were 60 students aged 8 and 9 included. There were 21 students in classes A and B and 18 students in class C. The sampling was nonrandom and purposive, the method was descriptive and a combination of the quantitative and qualitative approach. I used several different techniques and instruments to collect data. Before I executed the lessons I checked the students' knowledge with a test and a structured group interview. I tested the achievement of the learning objectives and the students' knowledge with a test after the lessons as well. The research has shown that students achieved learning objectives better in lessons where didactic games were used. The students progressed more at individual assignments in groups where didactic games were used than in groups where the teacher centred approach was used. The group taught with teacher centred approach progressed more in assignments on the lower levels of Bloom's taxonomy, however, students taught through didactic games were more successful in achieving higher taxonomic learning objectives. Students who were taught with teacher centred approach achieved on average better results and have shown better improvement than students taught through didactic games. According to the average number of points achieved on the pretest and posttest I calculated the growth(g) for each group of students. The growth was positive for groups A and C, g = 0,25 and g = 0,54 respectively. I also researched the influence of concluding observations at the end of lessons on the students' knowledge. I found that they did not influence the achievement of learning objectives or test results for the students in my group. This was evident because the group of students that had to summarize the lesson and revise the lesson's content achieved lower results.

Keywords:play

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