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Poklicno izgorevanje specialnih in rehabilitacijskih pedagogov pri delu z osebami z motnjami v duševnem razvoju : magistrsko delo
Donaj, Tamara (Author), Žgur, Erna (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Jerman, Janez (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/4945/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Delo specialnega in rehabilitacijskega pedagoga, ki dela z osebami z motnjami v duševnem razvoju in pridruženimi motnjami, je zahtevno in povzroča profesionalne obremenitve, ki pri posamezniku sprožajo doživljanje stresa in v skrajni obliki pripeljejo do poklicnega izgorevanja. Izgorevanje prizadene različna področja posameznikovega delovanja: čustveno, telesno, psihično in socialno. Posledice so vidne tako na področju posameznikovega delovanja na delovnem mestu (znižanje zadovoljstva z delom, izostajanje z delovnega mesta, občutek nekoristnosti idr.) kot tudi v zasebnem življenju (težave na področju medosebnih odnosov, brezciljnost, čustvena otopelost idr.). V naši raziskavi smo se osredotočili na raziskovanje stopnje poklicnega izgorevanja med specialnimi in rehabilitacijskimi pedagogi, ki delajo z osebami z motnjo v duševnem razvoju in pridruženimi motnjami, ter povezanost le-te s stopnjo prepričanja v lastno učinkovitost, delovnim mestom in delovno dobo zaposlenih. V empiričnem delu smo uporabili deskriptivno in kavzalno neeksperimentalno metodo pedagoškega raziskovanja. Raziskovalni pristop je bil kvantitativen. Vzorec je zajemal 93 specialnih in rehabilitacijskih pedagogov, ki so zaposleni v prilagojenem programu za predšolske otroke, prilagojenem vzgojno-izobraževalnem programu z nižjim izobrazbenim standardom in posebnem programu vzgoje in izobraževanja. S statistično obdelavo podatkov smo ugotovili, da večina udeležencev raziskave izkazuje znake izgorelosti na vsaj eni izmed treh dimenzij (emocionalna izčrpanost, depersonalizacija, osebna izpolnitev) sindroma izgorevanja. Med delovnimi mesti, ki jih zasedajo udeleženci naše raziskave, ni bilo ugotovljenih statistično pomembnih razlik. Statistično pomembne razlike so se izrazile na področju delovne dobe. Posamezniki, uvrščeni v skupino Visoko izgorelih, imajo v povprečju krajšo delovno dobo od posameznikov iz skupine Nizko izgorelih. Prav tako smo ugotovili, da se na našem vzorcu z nizko stopnjo zanesljivosti kaže trend negativne korelacije med prepričanjem o lastni učinkovitosti in izgorelostjo, saj udeleženci, ki spadajo v kategorijo Nizko izgorelih, na Lestvici učiteljevih prepričanj o lastni učinkovitosti dosegajo višje rezultate. Udeleženci raziskave obvladujejo stres in premagujejo znake izgorelosti s pomočjo različnih strategij, največkrat pa s pomočjo udejstvovanja na športno-rekreativnih aktivnostih. Oblikovali smo smernice za preprečevanje pojava sindroma poklicnega izgorevanja. Pomoč in podpora sta potrebni tako na ravni posameznika (športno-rekreativne dejavnosti, tehnike sproščanja, komunikacijske veščine idr.) kot tudi na ravni delovne organizacije (supervizija, podpora vodstva, pozitivno vzdušje idr.). Vse smernice pomoči in podpore smo zbrali in oblikovali v brošuro, ki je v magistrskem delu priložena na koncu. Na podlagi izvedene raziskave smo osvetlili problem poklicnega izgorevanja specialnih in rehabilitacijskih pedagogov ter tako pripomogli, da se slednji z le-tem soočijo oziroma ga poskušajo preprečiti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:sindrom poklicnega izgorevanja, stres, specialni in rehabilitacijski pedagogi, čustvena izčrpanost, depersonalizacija, osebna izpolnitev, strategije spoprijemanja, prepričanje v lastno učinkovitost
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2017
Publisher:[T. Donaj]
Number of pages:XII, 65 str.
UDC:376:159.944.4(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:11889737 Link is opened in a new window
Views:225
Downloads:109
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Occupational burnout of special education and rehabilitation teachers when working with people with intellectual disabilities
Abstract:
The work of a special education and rehabilitation teacher, who works with people with mental disabilities and other associated disorders, is demanding and causes professional strains that trigger stress in an individual, and in extreme cases lead to occupational burnout. Burnout affects various areas of individual’s functionality: emotional, physical, psychological and social area. The consequences are visible both in the individual’s functioning in the workplace (decrease in job satisfaction, absenteeism from work, feeling of uselessness, etc.), and in his private life (problems in the area of interpersonal relationships, aimlessness, emotional numbness, etc.). In our research, we focused on exploring the level of occupational burnout among special education and rehabilitation teachers, who work with people with mental disabilities and other associated disorders, and its connection with the degree of one's own sense of efficacy, workplace and the employees’ period of employment. In the empirical part, we used a descriptive and causal non-experimental method of pedagogical research. The research approach was quantitative. The sample consisted of 93 special education and rehabilitation teachers, employed in the adapted program for pre-school children, adapted educational program with a lower educational standard, and a special education program. By statistical analysis of data, we concluded that most of the participants in the study are showing signs of burnout at least in one of the three dimensions (emotional burnout, depersonalisation, personal fulfilment) of the burnout syndrome. No statistically significant differences were found between different workplaces, which are occupied by the participants in our research. Statistically significant differences were prominent in the area of period of employment. Individuals classified under High burnout have on average a shorter period of employment than the individuals classified under Low burnout. We also discovered that our sample shows, with a low level of reliability, a trend of negative correlation between the sense of efficacy and burnout, as participants belonging to the category Low burnout are achieving higher results on the Teacher's sense of efficacy scale. Participants of the research are managing stress and overcoming signs of burnout with the help of various strategies, and most often through participation in sports and recreational activities. We have developed the guidelines to prevent the occupational burnout syndrome. Help and support are needed at the level of an individual (sports and recreational activities, relaxation techniques, communicational skills, etc.), as well as at the level of work organisation (supervision, support of leadership, positive climate, etc.). We collected all the guidelines regarding help and support and incorporated them in a brochure located at the end of this thesis. Based on the conducted research, we highlighted the problem of occupational burnout of special education and rehabilitation teachers, and thus contributed to the prevention and confrontation with occupational burnout of special education and rehabilitation teachers.

Keywords:overtaxing, special school teacher, preobremenitev, socialni pedagog

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