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Besedilnoskladenjska analiza spontanega govorjenega diskurza : magistrsko delo
Žitnik, Alenka (Author), Kranjc, Simona (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Magistrsko delo skuša ponazoriti, kako se v zapisanemu govorjenemu diskurzu glede na pisna besedila kažejo odstopanja ter kako te jezikovne značilnosti vplivajo na razumevanje pomena. Kot ena izmed značilnosti se kaže oklevanje, ki nastane zaradi pritiska na govorčevo sposobnost hitrega načrtovanja, kaže pa se v napačnih začetkih in v slovnično nepopolnih izrekih. Tipična značilnost govorjenega diskurza so premori, zelo pogost pojav pa so tudi ponavljanja - opažamo predvsem nenačrtovana ponavljanja, ki predstavljajo eno od oblik zaustavljanja v govoru. Pogost je tudi pojav, ko govorec ne more razviti več zapletenih skladenjskih struktur hkrati in se mora, če hoče določeno sporočilo razviti, k določenim strukturam vračati. Pri besednem redu zasledimo razmeroma veliko svobodo, ki je posledica postopnosti oz. dodajalnosti; največ se kaže pri pridevnikih in prilastkih, ki so samostalniku pogosto dodani. Prisotne so tudi zveze, ki bi bile v tvorjenih pisnih besedilih opazne in zaznamovane, medtem ko so v govornem diskurzu običajne. Imenujemo jih besedilni aktualizatorji. Pomembna lastnost konverzacije so tudi prozodična sredstva, ki narekujejo potek pogovora. Nenazadnje pa velja, da pomen sogovorci ustvarjajo na podlagi konteksta, ki je nujno za razumevanje.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:slovenščina, besediloslovje, skladnja, semantika, pragmatika, govorjeni diskurz, spontani diskurz, bolonjski magisteriji
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Publisher:[A. Žitnik]
Number of pages:148 f.
UDC:811.163.6'43'367
COBISS.SI-ID:59926882 Link is opened in a new window
Views:363
Downloads:274
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
Master's thesis attempt to demonstrate how according to the texts the written spoken discourse shows deviations and how these linguistic characteristics affect the understanding of the text meaning. As one of the characteristics is shown hesitation, which is caused by the pressure on the speaker and his fast planning. It is shown in the wrong beginnings and grammatically incomplete statements. A typical characteristic of spoken discourse are pauses. They are very common phenomenon as well aa repetitions - we can mostly see repetitions, which are not planned. They represent one of the forms of stopping during the speech. Very often is a phenomenon, which occurs, when the speaker is not able to develop more complex syntactic structures and must return to specific structures, if he wants to develop a certain message. In case of word order we trace relatively high level of freedom, which is a result of a gradual approach. More often it is reflected in the adjectives and attributes, which are added to the noun. We also noted formes, which would in written text be noticeable and marked, yet are in spoken discourse usual. We call them text actualizers. An important feature of spoken conversation are also prosodic means that dictate the conversation. Finally, however, it was considered the importance of the context, which is essential for undestanding.


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