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Hidravlična naprava avtonomne jadrnice
Mravlje, Matej (Author), Majdič, Franc (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Gre za gradnjo tekmovalnega plovila, ki se bo udeležilo mednarodnega tekmovanja Microtransat Challenge. Cilj tekmovanja je, da jadrnica samostojno, brez posredovanja človeka prepluje Atlantski ocean. Diplomsko delo predstavlja zasnovo in testiranje hidravlične naprave, katere namen je rotacija dveh jadralnih kril ter krmila avtonomne jadrnice. Načrtovana je tudi vgradnja hidravlične naprave v 3D trup plovila. Delo vsebuje posamezne korake zasnove hidravličnega sistema od konstrukcijske misli do izbire oziroma določitve posameznih sestavin sistema. Opisan je načrtovani potek vgradnje in princip delovanja hidravlične naprave. V delu so prikazani izračuni in meritve, ki služijo ugotovitvam ustreznosti delovanja hidravlične naprave. Analitični in eksperimentalni rezultati se pogojno ujemajo. Probleme pri eksperimentalnih rezultatih nam je povzročalo notranje puščanje v hidravličnih motorjih, kar pomeni, da z izbranimi hidravličnimi motorji nismo mogli doseči zahtev, katere so nam bile podane. Ključne tri zahteve so bile: prva zagotoviti navor 40 Nm na jamborih in krmilu, druga zadržati zunanji navor 40 Nm na jamborih in krmilu ter tretja zahteva natančnost zasuka jamborov in krmila +/- 1°. Pri danih pogojih obratovanja smo zagotovili 10,2 Nm navora na jamborih in krmilu, zunanjega navora nismo uspeli zadržati ter nismo uspeli zagotoviti natančnosti z izbranimi orbitalnimi hidravličnimi motorji.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:tekmovanje, avtonomna jadrnica, hidravlični sistem, hidravlični motor, konvencionalni potni ventil, konstrukcija, regulacija vrtljajev, notranje puščanje (lekaža)
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FS - Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Year:2017
Views:588
Downloads:397
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Hydraulic system for the autonomous sailboat
Abstract:
This paper is about constructing an autonomous surface vessel that will take part in the International Microtransat Challenge Race. The race aim is to cross the Atlantic Ocean with fully autonomous and unmanned sailing boat. The diploma work introduces the design and testing of the hydraulic device whose function is the rotating of two sail wings and the rudder of autonomous sailboats. Furthermore the installation of the hydraulic device in the 3D hull of the vessel was also designed. My diploma works shows individual steps in the process of the design of the hydraulic system from the construction to the final choice of individual components of the system. The designed process of installation and the principle of operation of the hydraulic system are fully described. There are also calculations and measurements to determine the adequacy of the operation of the hydraulic system. Analytical and experimental results are matched conditionally. Problems in the experimental results were caused by internal leakage in hydraulic motors, which means that we could not meet the standards of the requirements with the selected hydraulic motors. Three key requirements were: to provide a torque of 40 Nm on the masts and the steering wheel, to maintain the external torque of 40 Nm on the masts and the steering and the precision of the turning of the masts and rudder +/- 1 °. Under given operating demands, we assured 10.2 Nm of torque on masts and steering, but we could not keep the external torque, and we were not able to retain the accuracy with the selected orbital hydraulic motors.

Keywords:race, autonomous sail boat, hydraulic system, hydraulic motor, conventional directional valve, construction, regulation of revolutions, internal leakage

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