Inverse pendulum is one of the most commonly used control system for educational purposes. On one side, it is instructive because it is unstable and therefore needs a feedback for stability. On the other side, it is interesting because its model is similar to the model of a rocket. Within the thesis the model of the inverse pendulum is first given. Then the real system is designed and build. A special care was made in order to select electric motors powerful enough to maintain the pendulum in the equilibrium position. During the design stage an emphasis was given to select an appropriate sensor for the measurement of the deflection angle of the rod of the pendulum. In the Results chapter an analysis of results for various controller algorithms is given.