Technological literacy of pre–school children has now been becoming more and more urgent. Nowadays, to be considered as technologically literate, you must understand the character of technology, have practical (physical, sensorial) abilities for interaction with technological devices, and be able to estimate the questions of technologies critically. All these are followed by my interest of writing the diploma work on these topics, with which I'm trying to establish transparent forming of goals for solving the problems of the topic.
By now I've realised that technological literacy in kindergartens needs checking. Knowing the infant's early development represents an important frame of the pre-school education concept in the kindergarten, especially for the population of children I'm working on at my diploma - work. There, the playing, as a way of developing technological literacy, is connected with elementary building bricks of pre–school education that is recognized in the given aims of educational work, methods and forms of education.
On the foundation of the analysis of the knowledge of TL among the kindergarten professional staff was found out, that the knowing of TL is poor and that the staff's perception of a T literate child is not accurate, as much as also the contents of technics and technology aren't properly integrated into the kindergarten curriculum and should be defined as well as the other six fields of activities are defined.
On the basis of results of the researches and analysis of the situation we have made a model that develops TL in whole on the field of technology knowledge and on the field of early critical thinking about the technology effect on the natural environment.
While valuing the model we found out that
- the children easily answered the technical questions of the content of the previously represented story
- the problems occurred at assembling of the puppets with mechanism
- almost no difficulties were noticed at assembling puzzles with technical motif.
On the basis of the valued model we've suggested the pedagogical workers how to gain and practise technological literacy in kindergartens on the basis of designed educational purposes in kindergartens.