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Consequences of brown bear viewing tourism : #a #review
Penteriani, Vincenzo (Author), López-Bao, José Vicente (Author), Bettega, Chiara (Author), Dalerum, Fredrik (Author), Mar Delgado, María del (Author), Jerina, Klemen (Author), Kojola, Ilpo (Author), Krofel, Miha (Author), Ordiz, Andrés (Author)

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Abstract
Many countries promote wildlife observation as part of ecotourism offerings. The brown bear Ursus arctos is among the most targeted species for ecotourism in North America and Europe, making it an ideal candidate to examine the consequences of wildlife viewing upon the species. As bear viewing often occurs in sensitive places where bears congregate for mating, rearing young and/or feeding, it is important to evaluate potential positive and negative effects of different viewing practices. Here we reviewed available information on bear viewing practices and their effects on bears, people and ecosystems. Behavioural, physiological and ecological aspects related to bears are reviewed from three different perspectives: ecotourism consequences for bears, direct bear-human interactions and social impacts of bear ecotourism. Because bear viewing can have positive and negative impacts on both bear populations and bear-human interactions, it is important to carefully evaluate every practice associated with bear viewing at a local scale. Because bear populations around the world have diverse population statuses and different management regimes, successful procedures and rules effective in one place do not guarantee that they will be adequate elsewhere. Effective management of bear viewing practices requires a better understanding of the consequences for bears, the mechanisms behind observed bear reactions to humans, and the results of bear habituation. Because inappropriate bear viewing practices can lead to processes such as foodconditioning and habituation, which can have serious consequences for both people and bears, regulations on bear ecotourism are urgently needed to minimize unintended consequences of bear viewing practices.

Language:English
Keywords:grizzly bear, Ursus arctos, feeding site, management, viewing site, habituation, food-conditioning, ecotourism
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Number of pages:Str. 169-180
Numbering:#Vol. #206
UDC:630*15
ISSN on article:0006-3207
DOI:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.12.035 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:4658086 This link opens in a new window
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Downloads:335
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Biological Conservation
Shortened title:Biol. Conserv.
Publisher:Applied Science Publishers
ISSN:0006-3207
COBISS.SI-ID:26719232 This link opens in a new window

Licences

License:CC BY-NC-ND 4.0, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Link:http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Description:The most restrictive Creative Commons license. This only allows people to download and share the work for no commercial gain and for no other purposes.
Licensing start date:11.10.2017

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:rjavi medved, Ursus arctos, velike zveri, ekoturizem, medved, turizem, krmljenje, grizli, habituacija

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