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Spolne disfunkcije pri neplodnem paru : metasinteza znanstvenih študij
Trampuš, Manca (Author), Mivšek, Ana Polona (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Jug Došler, Anita (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Uvod: Neplodnost je stanje, pri katerem par po enem letu rednih in nezaščitenih spolnih odnosov ne zanosi. Predvsem je to psihično boleče stanje, ki vpliva na različne vidike življenja posameznika. Med njimi je lahko okrnjena spolnost, ki zaradi neuspešne zanositve lahko izgubi pomen, kar pri paru povzroči spolne motnje oziroma spolne disfunkcije. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je bil na podlagi strokovne in znanstvene literature proučiti, kako obravnava neplodnosti vpliva na spolnost para, kako pogosto se neplodni pari srečujejo s spolno disfunkcijo in kakšen je vpliv neplodnosti na spolno zadovoljstvo. Z analizo izbranih raziskav avtorica testira zastavljene raziskovalne trditve in pridobi odgovore na raziskovalna vprašanja. Metode dela: Metoda dela je deskriptivna, s pregledom znanstvene in strokovne literature ter metasintezo znanstvenih raziskav obravnavanega problema. Iskanje literature je potekalo z brskalniki in podatkovnimi bazami COBISS, DiKUL, Medline, CINAHL, PubMed in ScienceDirect. Uporabljene so bile ključne besede neplodnost, spolnost, spolne motnje, neplodni par. V angleškem jeziku infertility, sexual intercourse, sexual dysfunctions, infertile couple. Časovna omejitev literature v teoretičnem delu sega od leta 2004 do 2017. Vključitveni kriteriji, na podlagi katerih je avtorica izbrala raziskave za metasintezo, pa so bile relevantne reference od leta 2012 do 2017. Rezultati: Pregled izbranih raziskav kljub občasno nasprotujočim rezultatom kaže, da neplodnost negativno vpliva na spolnost neplodnega para, kar se odraža tudi z dokaj visokim odstotkom spolnih disfunkcij (ženske: 43,3–90 %; moški: 48–58 %) in slabšim spolnim zadovoljstvom. Razprava in zaključek: Metasinteza raziskav dokazuje, da je neplodnost velik dejavnik tveganja za pojav spolnih disfunkcij. Prav zato bi bilo treba spolnosti v obravnavi neplodnega para posvečati več pozornosti. Da bi zdravstveni delavci na tem področju lahko nudili strokovno svetovanje in podporo, so v Sloveniji na to temo potrebne kakovostne študije in dodatna izobraževanja, ki bi okrepila že obstoječa znanja zdravstvenih strokovnjakov.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:neplodnost, spolnost, spolne motnje, neplodni par
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5347691 Link is opened in a new window
Views:697
Downloads:675
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Sexual dysfunctions in infertile couple : meta-synthesis scientific studies
Abstract:
Introduction: Infertility is a condition where a couple does not get pregnant after one year of regular and unprotected sexual intercourse. It is a very psychologically painful condition that influences several views of a person’s life. Among them can truncated sexual intercourse since due to the inability to get pregnant sexual intercourse can lose its meaning, which can cause sexual issues and dysfunctions. Purpose: The purpose of this dissertation was to study – based on specialized and scientific literature – how infertility affects the sexual intercourse of a couple, how often infertile couples deal with sexual dysfunctions and how infertility affects sexual satisfaction. With help of analyzed chosen research the author of this dissertation has tested set research claims and sought answers to research questions. Method: The method is descriptive with a revision of scientific and specialized literature as well as meta-synthesis of scientific research of the discussed problem. The search for the suitable literature has been carried out with the help of several search engines and research databases, namely COBISS, DiKUL, Medline, CINAHL, PubMed and ScienceDirect. The following keywords have been used: infertility, sexual intercourse, sexual dysfunctions, and infertile couple. The studied literature for the theoretical part has been limited from 2004 to 2017. The assimilation criteria, on which the author chose the research for meta-synthesis, have been based on cases between years 2012 and 2017. Results: The study of the chosen research has shown that despite some occasional contradictory results infertility negatively affects the sexual intercourse of an infertile couple, which is further proven by a pretty high percentage of sexual dysfunctions (women: 43,3–90 %; men: 48–58 %) and lesser sexual satisfaction. Discussion and conclusion: The meta-synthesis proves that infertility is a big risk factor in dealing with sexual dysfunctions. Therefore, it would be needed sexuality in the treatment of infertile couple to pay more attention. In order for the health workers to be able to offer more expert guidance and support, more quality studies and additional education need to be carried out and provided in Slovenia that would substantiate the knowledge of medical experts.

Keywords:infertility, sexual intercourse, sexual dysfunctions, infertile couple

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