In the master's thesis, we analyse selected tales by Tatjana Pregl Kobe, who writes contemporary Slovene youth literature and falls under postmodernism. Our object of interest is a collection of short modern fairy tales, published as Cunjasta dvojčka: majhen roman za majhne otroke [The Rag Twins: A Little Novel for Little Children] (2012). According to Milena Mileva Blažić (2011), these fairy tales are characterized by a new sensibility. The master's thesis consists of a theoretical and empirical part. In the first part, we define youth literature and divide narrative prose and short modern fairy tale models according to Marjana Kobe's classification, identifying fantastic elements as described by Maria Nikolajeva. We are also interested in the translation of youth and children's literature and different translation strategies. The thesis presents the life and work of writer and poet Tatjana Pregl Kobe, examining her collection of 18 short modern fairy tales. In the empirical part of the master's thesis, we analyzed, compared, and translated three fairy tales from the collection The Rag Twins by Tatjana Pregl Kobe: Fingers Can Make a Mistake, The Tea Party for a Dog, a Cat, and a Parrot, and Fairy Mary and Dwight the Paper Kite. The main research problem was whether the three fairy tales contain all the features of the short modern fairy tale according to Marjana Kobe's classification and the fantastic elements mentioned by Maria Nikolajeva. The research employs qualitative comparative literary analysis. We used a descriptive method. The techniques, which helped us obtain the data, were literary analysis and a semi-structured interview. The analysis focused on three short modern fairy tales: Fingers Can Make a Mistake, The Tea Party for a Dog, a Cat and a Parrot, and Fairy Mary and Dwight the Paper Kite, from the The Rag Twins collection by Tatjana Pregl Kobe. The results of the research will contribute to a detailed analysis of short stories by Tatjana Pregl Kobe and contemporary Slovene short stories. Our work will expand the corpus of literature available to teachers of young English learners.