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Primerjava aerobne zmogljivosti mater in njihovih hčera
Kovač, Sebastjan (Author), Golja, Petra (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Starc, Gregor (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/4788/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Telesna dejavnost in aerobna vadba pripomoreta ne le k zmanjševanju telesne mase, temveč tudi k izboljšanju kakovosti življenja. Posamezniki, ki izvajajo ustrezno količino aerobne vadbe, imajo višjo aerobno zmogljivost, kot posamezniki, katerih življenjski stil je pretežno sedeč. Namen diplomskega dela je bil oceniti, kakšna je razlika v aerobni zmogljivosti hčera in njihovih mater izmerjenih v enaki starosti. Kot izhodišče za oceno aerobne zmogljivosti so bili uporabljeni časovni rezultati deklet in njihovih mater v teku na 600 m, ki so bili za obe skupini pridobljeni pri enaki starosti. Rezultati so pokazali, da so hčere za tek na isti razdalji porabile več časa (195,1 (38,8) s) kot matere (165,7 (23,7) s), kar posledično pomeni, da je njihova aerobna zmogljivost nižja, kot je bila pri materah pri enaki starosti. Prav tako so imele hčere v povprečju večjo telesno višino (hčere 149,4 (14,0) cm in matere 147,2 (14,0) cm; p=0,006), večjo telesno maso (hčere 45,23 (13,5) kg in matere 40,4 (11,6) kg) in večji indeks telesne mase (hčere 19,8 (3,6) kg/m² in matere 18,2 (2,6) kg/m²; p=0,000) kot njihove matere pri enaki starosti. Rezultati raziskave so pokazali, da je aerobna zmogljivost hčera (t.j. današnjih osnovnošolk) v povprečju za 18 % slabša od tiste pri njihovih materah, kar kljub opaženemu izboljševanju aerobne zmogljivosti pri osnovnošolkah, o kateri poročajo v zadnjih letih, kaže na potrebo po nadaljnjih intervencijskih programih za izboljšanje telesne zmogljivosti mladostnikov. Ključne besede: aerobno dihanje, aerobna zmogljivost, aerobna vadba, kardio, srčno-žilni sistem, tek, telesna dejavnost, matere, hčere

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:aerobno dihanje
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:11746889 This link opens in a new window
Views:592
Downloads:195
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Comparison of aerobic capasity of mothers and their daughters
Abstract:
Physical activity and aerobic exercise not only contribute to weight loss, but they also improve the quality of life. Individuals who perform the appropriate amount of aerobic exercise have higher aerobic capacity than individuals whose lifestyle is predominantly sedentary. The purpose of the graduation thesis was to evaluate the differences in aerobic capacity between daughters and their mothers, measured at the same age. The results of a 600 m run, obtained at the same age for daughters and mothers was takes as a measure of aerobic capacity. The results demonstrate that the daughters required significantly (p=0,000) more time to complete running the same distance (195.1 (38.8) s) than their mothers (165.7 (23.7) s), which in turn means that their aerobic capacity was lower than of their mothers’ at the same age. The daughters also had a significantly higher body height (daughters: 149.4 (14,0) cm; mothers: 147.2 (SD=14,0) cm; p=0,006), higher body mass (daughters: 45.2 (13.5) kg; mothers: 40.4 (11.6) kg; p=0,000) and higher body mass index (daughter: 19.77 (3.6) kg/m²; mothers: 18.2 (2.6) kg/m²; p=0,000) as their mothers at the same age. The results of the study demonstrated that the aerobic capacity of daughters (i.e. today's primary school pupils) is on average 18 % lower than that of their mothers, which, despite the observed improvements in aerobic capacity of elementary school students reported in recent years, calls for further intervention programs to improve the physical capacity of adolescents.

Keywords:aerobic respiration

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