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Učinek hrupa na nosečnico in plod : študija primera
Bogataj, Laura (Author), Mivšek, Ana Polona (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Jug Došler, Anita (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Uvod: Nosečnost je normalen del življenja in ni bolezen. Veliko žensk v času nosečnosti dela. Ker na delovnem mestu obstajajo določeni škodljivi dejavniki, kot je tudi hrup, ki lahko ogrozijo zdravje nosečnice in ploda, je treba delavke posebej zaščititi. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je proučiti učinek hrupa na nosečnico in plod, ugotoviti ozaveščenost žensk, ki delajo v hrupnem okolju, o škodljivih učinkih hrupa na nosečnico in plod ter predstaviti njihovo doživljanje hrupa v času nosečnosti. Metode: V diplomskem delu smo uporabili deskriptivno in kavzalno-neeksperimentalno metodo empiričnega raziskovanja, ki je temeljila na kvalitativnem raziskovalnem pristopu. Literatura je bila iskana s ključnimi besedami in besednimi zvezami: nosečnost, delo v nosečnosti, hrup, škodljivi učinki hrupa, razvoj ploda, pregnancy, work in pregnancy, noise, fetus development, fetal hearing, noise hazard, v podatkovnih bazah Science Direct, Cinahl, PubMed, Medline, Wiley online Library, COBISS.SI ter preko spletnega brskalnika Google Učenjak. V študijo primera smo vključili štiri ženske, ki so bile v času nosečnosti izpostavljene hrupu na delovnem mestu. Podatke smo zbrali s pomočjo intervjuja, ki je vseboval 11 vprašanj odprtega tipa. Odgovori so bili analizirani na osnovi kvalitativne vsebinske analize. Rezultati: V diplomski nalogi ugotavljamo, da osebe, ki so sodelovale v raziskavi, hrupnega delovnega okolja ne doživljajo kot stresnega okolja. Deloma poznajo Pravilnik o varovanju delavcev pred tveganjem zaradi izpostavljenosti hrupu pri delu in Zakon o delovnem razmerju. Delodajalec za njihovo zaščito pred hrupom v času nosečnosti ni posebej poskrbel. V času nosečnosti niso težje prenašale hrupa kot sicer. Intervjuvanke so poznale nekatere škodljive učinke hrupa na plod, niso pa zaradi hrupa pri sebi opazile slabega počutja. Ena oseba je pri plodu opazila povečano gibanje v času izpostavljenosti hrupu. Vse štiri osebe so zanikale zaskrbljenost glede škodljivih učinkov hrupa na plod. Razprava in zaključek: Eden od bolj pomembnih dejavnikov, ki vpliva na zdravje in delovno sposobnost, je hrup. Pomembno je, da so nosečnice in delodajalci dobro informirani o škodljivih učinkih hrupa na nosečnico in plod. Le tako se lahko pred njimi tudi primerno zaščitijo. Pri tem imata pomembno vlogo zdravstveno varstvo in izvajanje preventive. Naša raziskava je pokazala, da ženske ne poznajo popolnoma škodljivih učinkov hrupa, kar bi lahko spremenili z informiranjem že v začetku nosečnosti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:hrup na delovnem mestu, škodljivi vplivi hrupa, informiranost delavk
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5324907 This link opens in a new window
Views:1028
Downloads:623
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Noise effect on pregnant women and fetus : the case study
Abstract:
Introduction: Pregnancy is not a disease, it is a normal part of a woman's life. A lot of women work during pregnancy. If the work environment includes certain harmful factors, such as noise, a pregnant employee must be suitably protected. Purpose: The purpose of the diploma thesis is to examine the impact of noise on pregnant women and their foetuses, ascertain the level of awareness regarding the harmful effects of noise among the pregnant women working in such environments, as well as present their experience of working in this kind of environment. Methods: We used a descriptive and causal non-experimental method of empirical research, which is based on the qualitative research approach. The relevant literature was searched for by means of the following key words: pregnancy, work during pregnancy, noise, harmful effects of noise, foetus development, foetal hearing and noise hazard. We conducted searches in the following data bases: Science Direct, Cinahl, PubMed, Medline, Wiley Online Library, COBISS.SI and Google Scholar. The case study includes four women who were working in a noisy environment while pregnant. We gathered the information through interviews, which included 11 open-ended questions. The answers were processed by means of qualitative content analysis. Results: We discovered that the pregnant women who were interviewed did not find the noisy environment stressful. They were partially familiar with the Rules on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to noise at work and the Employment Relationship Act. During their pregnancy, the employer did not provide additional protection for them. The noise did not affect them any differently during pregnancy. The respondents were familiar with some of the possible harmful effects of a noisy environment on the foetus, but observed no deterioration in their own wellbeing. One of the respondents did notice increased movement of the foetus when she was exposed to noise. All four respondents stated they did not worry about any negative effects on their foetuses. Discussion and conclusion: One of the more important factors affecting health and working ability is noise. It is important for pregnant women and their employers to be well informed about the harmful effects a noisy environment can have on a pregnant woman and her foetus. Only by doing so can they be protected appropriately. Health care and prevention implementation play a key role in this process. Our research has shown that women are not completely familiar with the harmful effects of a noisy working environment. This could be changed by informing women about the negative effects of noise at the very start of their pregnancy.

Keywords:noisy work environment, harmful effects of noise, awareness of female workers

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