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Oblikovanje in sprememba cene pri gradbeni pogodbi
Trebižan, Marjana (Author), Dugar, Gregor (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Zaradi dejstva, da je pogodbena cena bistven element gradbene pogodbe, morata naročnik in izvajalec ob sklenitvi tovrstne nominatne pogodbe obligacijskega prava izraziti ceno v denarnem znesku oziroma opredeliti jasna merila za njeno oblikovanje. Specifična narava gradbene pogodbe omogoča prilagajanje pogodbeno določene cene dejansko izvedenim delom in tržnim razmeram, kar posledično pomeni, da pogodbena cena ni nujno že dokončna. Med izpolnjevanjem gradbene pogodbe se namreč lahko pojavijo okoliščine, povezane tako s spremembo vrste kot tudi količine potrebnih del za dokončanje gradnje, prav tako se lahko spremenijo cene elementov, na katerih je temeljila pogodbena cena. Navedeni razlogi narekujejo vključitev posebnih klavzul v gradbeno pogodbo, ki vnaprej opredeljujejo tveganja glede količine in vrste del. Obligacijski zakonik in Posebne gradbene uzance tako ločujejo klavzulo cena po enoti mere, skupaj dogovorjeno ceno in klavzulo “ključ v roke”, mednarodna pravila pa poleg primerljivih klavzul unit-price in lump-sum pojasnjujejo tudi klavzulo cost-reimbursable. Ob nastopu nepredvidljivih zvišanj ali znižanj cen na trgu pravni predpisi varujejo šibkejšo stranko z upravičenjem do spremembe pogodbene cene. Tako lahko naročnik v posebej utemeljenih primerih zahteva znižanje cene ali celo odstopi od pogodbe, izvajalec pa ima pravico do zvišanja cene. Zapisanemu navkljub lahko stranki v gradbeno pogodbo vključita tudi določilo, da bo ostala pogodbeno določena cena nespremenjena tudi v primeru zvišanja cen za elemente na trgu.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:gradbena pogodba, klavzule o določitvi cene, sprememba pogodbene cene, določilo o nespremenljivosti cene, odstop od pogodbe, oblikovanje cene v Zvezni republiki Nemčiji
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:15797841 Link is opened in a new window
Views:717
Downloads:1146
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Price formation and price change in the construction contract
Abstract:
Given the fact that the contract price is the key element of the construction contract, the contracting entity and the contractor shall state the price in cash or determine clear criteria for its formation when this nominate contract is made. The specific nature of the construction contract enables the price set out in the contract to adapt to the executed works and market situation. Therefore, it is not necessarily the case that the contract price is already final. The performance of the construction contract might be affected by certain events related to the change of the type and quantity of works needed for the completion of the construction, as well as by the potential price change of the elements that the contract price was based on. These reasons dictate the inclusion of special clauses in the construction contract which define in advance the risks concerning the quantity and type of works. The code of obligations and special construction practices distinguish among “per unit of measure” clause, jointly agreed price and “turn-key” clause. However, in addition to comparable unit-price and lump-sum clauses, international rules also provide an explanation of cost-reimbursable clause. In the case of unpredictable rise or fall in market prices, legal provisions ensure weaker client the entitlement to change the contract price. In duly justified cases, the contracting entity may therefore request price reduction or even withdraw from the contract, whereas the contractor shall be entitled to price increase. Regardless of what has been stated, both parties may also decide that the construction contract includes a provision on the stability of the price set out in the contract even in the case of price increase of the elements on the market.

Keywords:construction contract, clause on defining the price, change of the contract price, provision on price stability, withdrawal from the contract, pricing in the Federal Republic of Germany

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