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Reološke lastnosti biočrnila za uporabo v regenerativni medicini
Repše, Sandra (Author), Rodič, Tomaž (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V tkivnem inženirstvu in regenerativni medicini najsodobnejše oblike zdravljenja vključujejo regeneracijo poškodovanega tkiva s pomočjo matičnih celic. Te matične celice potrebujejo ustrezno podlago, na katero se lahko pritrdijo in na kateri se lahko diferencirajo in razvijajo. Takšnim podlagam pravimo nosilci in jih lahko tridimenzionalno natisnemo. Ker se poškodbe od pacienta do pacienta razlikujejo, so te nosilci individualni za vsako poškodbo posebej. Materiali za tridimenzionalno tiskanje takšnih nosilcev morajo biti biokompatibilni in biorazgradljivi – imenujemo jih biočrnila. Eden izmed takih materialov, je tudi fibroin, ki je protein, pridobljen iz svile. Cilj diplomske naloge je bil preučiti reološke lastnosti biočrnila iz različnih sestav svilnega fibroina, gelanskega gumija in ionov Ca2+ in določiti najprimernejšo sestavo za tridimenzionalno tiskanje. Delež gelanskega gumija v biočrnilu mora biti čim nižji, samo biočrnilo pa mora imeti take viskoelastične lastnosti, da je omogočeno tiskanje v temperaturnem območju, ki ne povzroča denaturacije proteina. V okviru diplomskega dela smo pomerili reološke in mehanske lastnosti hidrogelnih nosilcev različnih sestav. Rezultati so pokazali, da je najprimernejše biočrnilo za tridimenzionalni tisk sestave 50 vol.% fibroina, 50 vol.% gelanskega gumija in 0,04 ml raztopine CaCl2 s koncentracijo 300 mM, saj gelira pri nižjih temperaturah z ozkim intervalom in pri sobni temperaturi formira čvrst gel.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:svilni fibroin, gelanski gumi, reološke lastnosti, celični nosilci, regenerativna medicina
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:NTF - Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering
Year:2017
Views:872
Downloads:539
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Rheological properties of bioink for medical therapy
Abstract:
State of the art treatment in regenerative medicine includes regeneration of damaged tissue by cell tissue engineering. In order to form a new tissue, cells need an appropriate substrate to which they can be attached and on which they can differentiate and proliferate. Such substrates are called scaffolds. Since the size and shape of the defect is different from patient to patient, the optimal scaffold should also be individual for each patient. 3D printing enables to precisely control the architecture and microstructure of the scaffold as well as scaffold can be designed for each individual. The materials used for 3D printing, called bioinks, have to be biocompatible and biodegradable. Fibroin, a protein derived from silk, is one of such biomaterials. The aim of the diploma was to study the rheological properties of bioinks with different composition of silk fibroin, gellan gum and Ca2+ ions and to determine the most suitable composition for three-dimensional printing. The proportion of gellan gum in bioink must be as low as possible, and the bioink must have viscoelastic properties that enable printing in a temperature range that does not cause protein denaturation. In the diploma thesis, the rheological and mechanical properties of hydrogel scaffolds of various compositions were measured. The results showed that fibroin can be used as a bioink material when combined with gellan gum. The most suitable bioink composition for the three-dimensional printing is 50 % fibroin, 50 % gellan gum and 0.04 ml solution of CaCl2 at a concentration of 300 mM, since it gels at lower temperatures with a narrow interval and forms a solid gel at room temperature.

Keywords:silk fibroin, gellan gum, rheological properties, scaffolds, regenerative medicine

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