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Stališča in znanje dijakov o kačjih pastirjih
Vrhovnik, Maja (Author), Tomažič, Iztok (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Kačji pastirji so zaradi zmožnosti letenja in pisanih barv privlačni, zato imajo ljudje večinoma pozitivna stališča do njih in so potencialne krovne vrste za varstvo mokrišč. So dobro raziskan red žuželk, malo pa je znanega o znanju in stališčih do njih. Uporabili smo anketni vprašalnik, ki je zbral demografske podatke, vseboval preizkus znanja in meril stališča ter pripravljenost za varovanje s 7-stopenjsko Likertovo lestvico. V raziskavi je sodelovalo 288 dijakov gimnazij, od 1. do 3. letnika. Rezultati so pokazali slabo znanje o kačjih pastirjih, zelo slabo je poznavanje njihovih ličink. Dekleta imajo slabše znanje kot fantje, okolje bivanja in letnik nimata vpliva na znanje o kačjih pastirjih. Prepoznali smo napačne predstave o kačjih pastirjih, ki so v povprečju prisotne pri 63,3 % dijakov. Napačno si predstavljajo, da z barvo opozarjajo na strupenost, da lahko pičijo in se zadržujejo samo v bližini kač. Stališča dijakov do kačjih pastirjev so pozitivna, razen v znanstveni kategoriji stališč. Na stališča ne vpliva okolje bivanja. Bolj pozitivna stališča smo zaznali pri dijakih, ki so že imeli neposredno izkušnjo s kačjimi pastirji. Dijaki z več znanja imajo bolj pozitivna stališča do kačjih pastirjev, večji interes za učenje o njih, so jih bolj pripravljeni varovati, boljše je tudi njihovo zavedanje, da so kačji pastirji pomemben člen v ekosistemu.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:kačji pastirji, stališča, znanje, napačne predstave
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:4512079  Link is opened in a new window
Views:372
Downloads:274
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Secondary school students’ attitudes toward and knowledge about dragonflies
Abstract:
Dragonflies and damselflies are attractive due to their colours and ability to fly. People have mostly positive attitudes toward them and they are potential Flagspecies to promote conservation of wetlands. However, little is known about knowledge and attitudes towards them. We used a survey questionnaire that collected demographic data, contained a test of knowledge and a 7-point Likert scale to rate their attitudes toward dragonflies and willingless to protect them. The survey involved 288 Slovenian High School students, from the 1st to the 3rd year. The results showed poor knowledge of dragonflies and very poor knowledge of their larvae. Girls have less knowledge than boys, their living environment and the school year have no influence on knowledge of the dragonflies. 63.3 % of students have some misconceptions about dragonflies. They belive that they imply their toxicity with colors, they can bite, and stay only in the vicinity of snakes (as is insinuated by the slovenian name for the group). Attitudes of students toward dragonflies are positive, except in the scientific category. Their living environment has no affect on their attitude. More positive attitudes were observed in students who already had a direct experience with the animals. Students with more knowledge have a more positive attitude, a greater interest in learning, they are also more prepared to protect dragonflies and they are more aware about their important role in the ecosystem.

Keywords:dragonflies, attitude, knoweledge, misperceptions

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