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Vpliv visoko energijske diete na prognozo bolnikov s cistično fibrozo
Ogrin, Jernej (Author), Homan, Matjaž (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Kreft, Marko (Reviewer)

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Abstract
Cistična fibroza je kljub velikemu razvoju in napredku sodobne medicine v zadnjih nekaj desetletjih tako za paciente, kot tudi za zdravstvene delavce zelo težka bolezen, ki je ne moremo ozdraviti, a lahko z multidisciplinarno oskrbo pacientom podaljšamo življenjsko dobo in jim z različnimi ukrepi olajšamo življenje. Poleg zagotavljanja ustreznega delovanja pljuč s čiščenjem sluzi in antibiotično terapijo je eden glavnih ukrepov za splošno zdravje pacientov skrb za njihov dober prehranski status. Že več desetletij je v redni uporabi visoko energijska dieta z visoko vsebnostjo maščob in beljakovin ter z nadomestnimi encimi trebušne slinavke, ki pacientom pomaga pri ustrezni rasti in razvoju v otroški in mladostniški dobi ter vzdrževanju telesne mase v odrasli dobi. Poleg tega primerna telesna masa pri bolniku zmanjša število okužb dihal in na ta način pripomore k ohranjanju pljučne funkcije. Tudi s pomočjo omenjene diete se je življenjska doba pacientov s cistično fibrozo močno podaljšala, boljša je tudi njihova kvaliteta življenja. Z daljšanjem življenjske dobe in z visokim vnosom maščob so se tudi pri bolnikih s cistično fibrozo začela pojavljati srčno-žilna obolenja.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:cistična fibroza, recesivna bolezen, prehranska priporočila, dieta, dietna prehrana, energijska dieta, makrohranila, maščobe, beljakovine, status prehranjenosti
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2017
Publisher:[J. Ogrin]
UDC:613.2:616-002.17
COBISS.SI-ID:4840056 Link is opened in a new window
Views:399
Downloads:241
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Effect of a high-energy diet on the prognosis of patients with cystic fibrosis
Abstract:
Even though there has been a major progress in modern medicine in the past couple of decades, cystic fibrosis still continues being a hard and complex disease for patients and for the medical team treating these patients. The disease can not be cured, but with the optimal treatment a longer life is expected and patients overall health and quality of life is significantly improved. A high-energy diet and pancreatic enzyme-replacement therapy are the main therapeutic modalities in treating patients with cystic fibrosis. It helps patients to achieve normal growth and development in childhood and an optimal and constant body mass later in life. It is also associated with a better pulmonary function with less acute and chronic lung complications. With longer life there is higher incidence of cardiovascular diseases among patients with cystic fibrosis, which is probably a consequence of their diet high in fat.

Keywords:cystic fibrosis, recessive disease, dietary recommendations, diet, dietary nutrition, energy diet, macronutrients, fat, protein, nutritional status

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