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Raziskave lesenih predmetov iz muzejske zbirke pigmejske kulture
Koren, Luka (Author), Čufar, Katarina (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Merela, Maks (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Analizirali smo 4 lesene pigmejske objekte iz Konga, ki jih hranijo Slovenskem etnografskem muzeju (SEM) v Ljubljani. Ti objekti so: samostrel izdelan iz dveh sestavljivih delov, ščit, glasbilo ter bodalo in nožnica. Cilji naloge so bili: podrobno pregledati omenjene objekte ter določiti najverjetnejšo lesno vrsto iz katere so izdelani. Na čim manj destruktiven način smo odvzeli vzorce, da so objekti ostali nepoškodovani in primerni za razstavo. V laboratoriju smo po ustaljeni praksi izdelali trajne preparate za mikroskopsko analizo. S pomočjo ključev za mikroskopsko analizo lesa listavcev ter posvetom s strokovnjaki, smo najprej določili rod, kasneje pa tudi najverjetnejšo lesno vrsto iz katere so objekti narejeni. Analiza je pokazala, da je lok samostrela narejen iz lesne vrste Corynanthe pachyceras, ročaj pa iz vrste Xylopia aethiopica. Ročaj ščita je izdelan iz vrste Bridelia micrantha. Trup glasbila je izdelan iz vrste Musanga cecropioides, glede na makroskopsko analizo pa sta iz iste vrste narejeni tudi palici za napenjanje strun. Nožnica bodala, ter glede na makroskopsko analizo tudi bodalo, pa sta izdelana iz vrste Autranella congolensis. Pregledane karakteristike posamezne lesne vrste in način uporabe dokazujejo, da Pigmejci zelo dobro poznajo les v domačih gozdovih in ga primerno uporabljajo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:les, anatomija lesa, identifikacija, Afrika, pigmejska kultura, muzej
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2017
Publisher:[L. Koren]
UDC:630*811
COBISS.SI-ID:2811785 Link is opened in a new window
Views:399
Downloads:262
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Investigations of wooden objects from the museum collection of Pygmy culture
Abstract:
We analysed 4 wooden objects of the Pygmy culture from DR Congo. The objects are kept by the Slovene Ethnographical Museum (SEM) in Ljubljana. The analysed objects are a crossbow, made from two pieces (bow and stock) that can be assembled, a shield, a musical instrument, a dagger and a sheath. The objectives of the research were to analyse the museum objects to identify the wood species they are made of. We collected the samples for wood analyses using the least destructive method in order to keep the objects unharmed and suitable for exposition. Using standard methodology of wood anatomy, we prepared permanent slides for microscopy. We used available keys for microscopic identification of hardwoods and consulted the experts for African wood species and museum objects. Each of the objects is made of different wood species. The bow is made of Corynanthe pachyceras and the corresponding stock of Xylopia aethiopica, the shield's central grip is made of Bridelia micrantha, the musical instrument is made of Musanga cecropioides. The dagger and possibly also the sheath are made of Autranella congolensis. The identified wood species are less known in Europe. Properties and utilization of the identified wood species show, that the Pygmys know their local wood species very well and that they know how to optimally use them.

Keywords:wood, wood anatomy, identification, Africa, Pygmy culture, museum

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