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Reja kokoši nesnic v premičnih hlevih
Kramer, Tilen (Author), Terčič, Dušan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Kokoši lahko redimo kjerkoli, če jim le priskrbimo za njihovo življenje bistvene stvari kot so svež zrak, krma, voda, prostor in zaščita pred vremenskimi vplivi in plenilci. Premični hlevi za kokoši so različnih velikosti in lahko sprejmejo 5-10 pa vse do nekaj sto živali. Manjše premične hleve se po pašniku premika ročno, za vleko večjih se uporabljajo traktorji in druga vozila. Premični hlevi imajo svoje prednosti in slabosti. V primerjavi z nepremičnimi hlevi omogočajo enakomerno obremenitev pašnika s čimer preprečujejo uničenje travne površine ter zagotavljajo enakomerno razporejenost kokošjih iztrebkov po celotni njegovi površini. Na pašniku kokoši zaužijejo nekaj dodatne krme, vključno z raznoraznimi škodljivci, kar zmanjša stroške za krmo. Dostop do jajc je v premičnih hlevih enostaven, poleg tega so po navadi cenejši od nepremičnih hlevov. Glavna šibka stran premičnih hlevov je ta, da jih je potrebno premeščati v enakomernih časovnih intervalih, kar zna povzročiti težave zlasti ob neprijaznem vremenu. Ker so hlevi premični, morajo biti lahki in v njih lahko redimo le manjše število kokoši. Veliko težav lahko povzročijo tudi plenilci. Najboljši načini za zaščito jat pred plenilci so zapiranje kokoši v hleve v nočnem času, namestitev mreže za odvračanje kopenskih plenilcev ter prekritje izpusta z mrežo v izogib problemom s plenilskimi pticami.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:perutnina, kokoši, nesnice, sistemi reje, premični hlevi
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:3960712 This link opens in a new window
Views:2386
Downloads:577
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:KEEPING LAYING HENS IN MOBILE POULTRY HOUSES
Abstract:
Chickens are easy to keep practically anywhere provided they have access to several essentials such as fresh air, food, water, space, and protection from harsh weather and predators. Current mobile chicken houses are often designed for either 5-10 birds or several hundred. Small chicken tractors are easily moved by hand while larger mobile chicken coops may require a tractor or other motorized vehicle to move them. There are several advantages and disadvantages when building a mobile chicken house. The positive points of mobile chicken houses are that they lead to a reduction in vegetation damage and allow a more even distribution of manure compared to permanent housing systems, allow chickens to scavenge for extra food, which cuts down on food costs, chickens consume pests which are present in the grass, give the farmer very easy access to the eggs and are usually cheaper than permanent houses. The major weak point with the mobile chicken houses is the need to move them regularly, which can be especially unpleasant in inclement weather. Since it is movable, the poultry house must be light and easy to move and therefore the number of chickens one can keep here are limited. For farmers, wildlife can pose a huge threat to the survival of the chickens in mobile houses. The best ways to protect a flock from predators are to keep birds confined during the night time, to install a fence to keep out land predators and to cover outside run with mesh wire or netting to prevent problems with predator birds.

Keywords:poultry, laying hens, housing, mobile chicken houses

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