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Vitamini B2, niacin, folna kislina in vitamin B12 v prehrani
Zupanič, Katja (Author), Salobir, Janez (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Prislan, Iztok (Reviewer)

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Abstract
V diplomskem delu so predstavljeni v prehrani najpogosteje deficitarni vitamini, in sicer B2, niacin, folna kislina in vitamin B12. Njihova funkcija v telesu je opisana iz biokemijskega in fiziološkega vidika. Pomanjkanje teh vitaminov zaradi pomena pri mnogih metabolnih reakcijah lahko privede do različnih bolezenskih stanj z različnimi simptomi. Prikazana so živila v katerih so posamezni vitamini prisotni v največjih količinah. Prikazana je primerjava vnosa posameznih vitaminov in referenčnih vrednosti za vnos pri različnih starostnih skupinah v državah Evropske unije, ki kaže na problematiko vnosa folne kisline, saj velika večina držav ne dosega priporočenega dnevnega vnosa. Predstavljena so tudi prehranska stanja oziroma načini prehrane, ki pogosto vodijo do pomanjkanja opisanih vitaminov.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:vitamini, vitamin B2, niacin, folna kislina, vitamin B12, kemijska sestava, prehrana, absorpcija metabolizem, pomanjkanje vitaminov, bolezni
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2017
Publisher:[K. Zupanič]
UDC:577.16:613.2
COBISS.SI-ID:4838520 Link is opened in a new window
Views:476
Downloads:206
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Vitamins B2, niacin, folic acid and vitamin B12 in nutrition
Abstract:
In the diploma thesis, vitamin B2, niacin, folic acid, and vitamin B12 are presented, which are frequently deficit in nutrition. Their function in the body is described from biochemical and physiological perspective. Because of the importance of these vitamins in many metabolic reactions, deficiency of these vitamins can lead to various medical conditions with various symptoms. In the text, sources of food are listed, where individual vitamins are present in the largest quantities. A comparison of entry of the vitamins and referential values among the age groups in the countries of European Union is presented. It was noticed that the entry of folic acid is especially problematic because the greatest majority of the countries do not meet the recommended daily intake. Afterwards, special nutritional conditions, which lead to a deficiency of vitamins on several occasions, are also presented.

Keywords:vitamins, vitamin B2, niacin, folic acid, vitamin B12, chemical composition, nutrition, absorption, metabolism, vitamin deficiency, diseases

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