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Genetska odpornost na jablanov škrlup [Venturia inaequalis (Cooke) G. Winter].
Fajdiga, Lija (Author), Štajner, Nataša (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Škrlup je najbolj problematična bolezen jablane, ki povzroča veliko izgubo pridelka in visoke stroške za nadzor in zatiranje. Povzroča jo gliva Venturia inaequalis, na katero je občutljivih velika večina kultivarjev, gojenih po celem svetu. Nadzor v veliki meri vršimo z uporabo fungicidov, ki pa so, poleg visoke cene, škodljivi za okolje in zdravje ljudi. Velik problem je tudi v pojavljanju odpornosti patogena na vse več fungicidov. Genetska odpornost je alternativa, ki lahko zmanjša uporabo fungicidov in zagotovi dlje trajajočo odpornost, s tem pa ţeleno kvaliteto in količino pridelka. Za ţlahtnitelje so najpomembnejši vir genetske odpornosti odpornostni geni. Ker tudi odpornost, pogojeno z enim odpornostnim genom patogen precej hitro premaga, je priporočljivo vnašanje več odpornostnih genov v en kultivar, kar imenujemo piramidenje genov. Vnašanje s tradicionalnim kriţanjem je pri drevesnih rastlinskih vrstah problematično, saj je dolgotrajno in drago. Razvoj novejših pristopov, kot so selekcija ob pomoči molekulskih označevalcev in genotipizacija s sekvenciranjem, lahko postopek zelo olajša in pospeši.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:odpornost rastlin, odpornost na bolezni, genetska odpornost, Venturia inaequalis, jablanov škrlup, žlahtnjenje rastlin, biotski stres, glivne bolezni
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2017
Publisher:[L. Fajdiga]
UDC:631.524:606:632.4(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:8812409 Link is opened in a new window
Views:656
Downloads:280
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Genetic resistance to apple scab [Venturia inaequalis (Cooke) G. Winter].
Abstract:
Scab is the most problematic disease of the apple tree that causes big losses of apple harvest and high costs of control and extermination. It is caused by a fungus Venturia inaequalis that is damaging to a majority of cultivars grown all over the world. It is controlled using fungicides that are not only expensive but also damaging for the environment and people's health. The resistance of the pathogen to more and more fungicides is also a big problem. A genetic resistance is an alternative that could reduce the use of fungicides and provide longer resistance and consequently improve the quality and quantity of the harvest. The most important source of the genetic resistance for breeders is resistance genes. The resistance conditioned by one resistance gene can be relatively easily defeated by the pathogen, therefore gene pyramiding – introduction of more resistance genes into one cultivar – is recommended. The introduction with traditional breeding is time consuming and expensive and therefore problematic for trees. The development of the inovative approaches such as marker assisted selection and genotyping by sequencing can improve and accelerate the procedure a lot.

Keywords:plant resistance, resistance to disease, genetic resistance, Venturia inaequalis, apple scab, plant breeding, biotic stress, fungal diseases

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