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Primerjava morfoloških lastnosti in pridelka različnih sort in hibridov sladkega komarčka (Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. azoricum)
Sraka, Marko (Author), Slatnar, Ana (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Poskus smo izvedli z namenom, da bi ugotovili, katere sorte sladkega komarčka so primerne za gojenje na prostem na območju osrednje Slovenije. Prav tako smo želeli primerjati količino in kakovost pridelka hibridnih in populacijskih sort. Poskus je potekal od 17. junija 2016, ko smo posejali semena v gojitvene plošče, do 22. oktobra 2016 v steklenjaku in na laboratorijskem polju Biotehniške fakultete v Ljubljani. V poskus smo vključili šest populacijskih sort ('Etrusco', 'Fedro', 'Fino', 'Marco', 'Romanesco' in 'Romy') ter dve hibridni sorti ('Bellotto F1' in 'Teseo F1'). Vzgojene sadike smo presadili na prosto na črno polietilensko folijo 25. julija 2016. Poskus je potekal v petih ponovitvah za vsako sorto, v vsaki ponovitvi je bilo 10 rastlin, posajenih na sadilno razdaljo 40 x 25 cm. Rastline smo namakali s kapljičnim namakalnim sistemom in v rastni dobi dvakrat dognojili z NPK gnojilom. Med 18. in 22. oktobrom 2016 smo opravili spravilo in bonitiranje. Iz vsake ponovitve smo izbrali po 5 reprezentativnih rastlin in jim določili število stranskih poganjkov, maso celotne rastline, maso očiščene čebulice, dolžino, širino in višino čebulice, višino pravega stebla ter vsebnost topne suhe snovi. Sorto 'Etrusco' smo izločili iz poskusa, saj ni ostalo dovolj primernih rastlin. Ugotovili smo, da je možno pri gojenju sladkega komarčka v osrednji Sloveniji dosegati zadovoljivo količino pridelka. Ugotovili smo tudi, da dajeta hibridni sorti 'Bellotto F1' in 'Teseo F1' večji in kvalitetnejši pridelek od populacijskih sort.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:vrtnarstvo, sladki komarček, Foeniculum vulgare, sorte, hibridi, pridelek, morfološke lastnosti
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2017
Publisher:[M. Sraka]
UDC:635.49:582.795.24:631.526.32:631.559(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:8786809 Link is opened in a new window
Views:694
Downloads:277
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Comparison of morphological characteristics and yield of different varieties and hybrids of sweet fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. azoricum)
Abstract:
The aim of our experiment was to determine which cultivars of sweet fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. azoricum) are suitable for open field cultivation in Central Slovenia. We also wanted to compare hybrid versus open-pollinated cultivars in terms of crop yield and its quality. The experiment lasted from June 2016 until October 2016. It was conducted on the experimental field of the Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana. We used six open-pollinated cultivars ('Etrusco', 'Fedro', 'Fino', 'Marco', 'Romanesco', 'Romy') and two hybrid cultivars ('Bellotto F1' and 'Teseo F1'). Seedlings were grown in polystyrene seed trays and transplanted on the field covered with black polyethylene film in July 2016. Plant spacing was 40 x 25 cm. Experiment was designed in 5 replications, each replication had 10 plants. At harvest 5 typical plants were chosen from each replication. 8 parameters were tested: number of side shoots, whole plant weight, marketable pseudobulb weight, width, length and height of pseudobulb, stem length and total soluble solids. Cultivar 'Etrusco' was excluded from further experiment because there were not enough marketable plants remaining. We concluded that satisfactory yield quantity and quality of sweet fennel can be achived in open field cultivation in Central Slovenia. Furthermore we concluded that hybrid cultivars give better results as their yield was higher and of better quality than that of open-pollinated cultivars.

Keywords:vegetable groving, sweet fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, varieties, hybrids, yield, morphological properties

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