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Razmerje med temeljnimi pravicami in civilnimi obveznostmi
Antunićević, Ana (Author), Možina, Damjan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Ta magistrska naloga obravnava vpliv temeljnih pravic na civilne obveznosti, ki je v pravni doktrini znan tudi pod imenom konstitucionalizacija zasebnega prava. Razvoj konstitucionalizacije se je pričel v 50ih letih v nemški sodni praksi in se polagoma širil v druge jurisdikcije, med drugim tudi v sodno prakso obeh evropskih regionalnih sodišč; Evropskega sodišča za človekove pravice in Sodišča EU. V magistrski nalogi se osredotočim na vpliv, ki ga imajo temeljne pravice na spore, ki obravnavajo upravičenost evikcij (izvršb na stanovanjske nepremičnine). Pregled sodne prakse tako nacionalnih kot regionalnih sodišč pokaže, da obstaja več načinov uporabe temeljnih pravic, ki jih pravna doktrina deli na direktni in indirektni horizontalni učinek ter doktrino pozitivnih obveznosti. Aplikacija temeljnih pravic na civilne obveznosti razkrije veliko vprašanj, med drugim, kako na vsebino temeljne pravice vpliva prehod iz zasebne v javno sfero, kako na civilno obveznost vpliva tehtanje med dvema pravicama, in ali so temeljne pravice kot koncept oblikovane presplošno, da bi jih bilo moč uporabljati pri reševanju civilnih sporov. Zadnji del magistrske naloge pa je posvečen analizi primera iz sodne prakse Sodišča EU: Mohamed Aziz proti Caixa d´Estalvis de Catalunya, Tarragona i Manresa (Catalunyacaixa), ki je prvi primer uporabe temeljnih pravic pri sporu o upravičenosti evikcije na ravni EU.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:temeljne pravice, konstitucionalizacija, pravica do doma, horizontalni učinek, civilne obveznosti, evikcija, Evropsko sodišče za človekove pravice, Sodišče Evropske Unije
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:15785809 This link opens in a new window
Views:1029
Downloads:365
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Relationship between fundamental rights and civil obligations
Abstract:
The thesis focuses on the effect the fundamental rights have on civil obligations. The institute is known in the legal doctrine as the constitutionalization of private law. The development of constitutionalization began in 1950s in German case law and gradually spread to other jurisdictions, inter alia the jurisprudence of both European regional courts: European Court of Human Rights and European Court of Justice. The thesis focuses on the influence that fundamental rights have on disputes considering justification of eviction. A review of relevant jurisprudence reveals there are several methods of applying fundamental rights to civil obligations. The legal doctrine roughly defines them as direct and indirect horizontal effect and the doctrine of positive obligations. The application of fundamental rights on civil obligations uncovers several questions, including the question as to how the transfer from private to public sphere effects the content of the rights; how balancing between two fundamental rights impacts the civil obligations and whether the fundamental rights as a concept are too general to be used in civil disputes. The last part of the thesis is dedicated to analysis of a case before the European Court of Justice: Mohamed Aziz v Caixa d´Estalvis de Catalunya, Tarragona i Manresa (Catalunyacaixa), which is the first case where fundamental rights were used in a dispute about justification of an evicition.

Keywords:fundamental rights, constitutionalisation, right to housing, horizontal effect, civil obligations, eviction, European Court of Human Rights, European Court of Justice

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