A withdrawal and annulment of a decision under the right of scrutiny is an extraordinary legal remedy of an administrative procedure, regulated by provisions of Articles 274, 275, 276, and 277 of the General Administrative Procedure Act . This institution is a hierarchical control of the designated higher authority over the legality of a lower authority and can be opened by official capacity or a legitimate person. This extraordinary legal remedy was first initiated in 1956 . Amending acts and years of application brought more bad alterations than good, including many unanswered questions, such as “Why can the procedure to open the institution begin by request of a party member if it was created as a safety catch for the administrative authority?” or “Is this measure legal if the designated authority had made its decision about the complaint at an earlier time?” etc. In this thesis, we thoroughly analysed these questions with the help of case law. We discovered that this institution, which allows a designated higher authority to supervise the legality of final decisions issued in the first or second instance, is necessary but would need to be carefully reformulated to serve the purpose for which the institution was originally designated.