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Primerjava pliometrične vadbe in hkratne pliometrične in senzo-motorične vadbe : diplomsko delo
Praček, Anžej (Author), Štirn, Igor (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Pliometrična vadba vključuje hitra in silovita gibanja, ki za svojo izvedbo uspešno izkoriščajo elastične lastnosti mišic in tetiv ter delujejo po principu ekscentrično-koncentrične kontrakcije. V naši raziskavi smo želeli ugotoviti, kako izvajanje aktivnega odmora v obliki senzo-motorične vadbe oziroma vadbe ravnotežja in sklepne stabilizacije vpliva na zmožnost učinkovitost in zmožnost izvajanja pliometrične vadbe. V raziskavo je bilo vključenih 12 testirancev moškega spola, od katerih jih 11 študira na Fakulteti za šport v Ljubljani. Opravili smo dve testiranji, v razmaku treh dni. Pliometrična vadba je bila sestavljena iz 5 serij, ki so vsebovale 9 sonožnih vertikalnih poskokov. V izvedbi smo uporabili 5 minutni ciklus. Na prvem merjenju je 6 naključno izbranih testirancev izvajalo aktivni odmor v obliki vadbe ravnotežja in sklepne stabilizacije na ravnotežni deski, ostalih 6 je imelo pasivni odmor. Na drugem merjenju so testiranci zamenjali vrsto odmora. Vadba ravnotežja in sklepne stabilizacije je bila sestavljena iz 3 serij po 30 sekund stoje na ravnotežni deski s 30 sekundnim odmorom. Statistično smo analizirali srednje tri, zadnje tri in vse skoke v seriji ter jih med seboj primerjali. Rezultati so pokazali, da statistično značilnih razlik med višinami srednjih treh skokov in vseh skokov ni bilo (p=0,675; p=0,273), so se pa pokazale statistično značilne razlike v zadnjih treh skokih (p=0,045). Zaključili smo, da v splošnem izvajanje vadbe ravnotežja in sklepne stabilizacije v odmoru med pliometrično vadbo nanj ne vpliva, so pa statistično značilne razlike pokazale morebiten potenciacijski učinek na vertikalne poskoke pri izvajanju aktivnega odmora, ko smo preučevali zadnje tri skoke v serijah.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Pliometrija, vadba za ravnotežje, propriocepcija, ekscentrično-koncentrična kontrakcija, moč, odmor
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5188017 Link is opened in a new window
Views:399
Downloads:327
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Comparison of plyometric exercise and simultaneous plyometric and sensomotoric exercise
Abstract:
Plyometric training refers to those activities that enable a muscle to reach maximal force in the shortest possible time. Practically defined, plyometric training is a quick, powerful movement using a prestretch, or countermovement, that involves the stretch-shortening cycle. The study included 12 male male examinees, 11 of them studying at the Faculty of Sport in Ljubljana. We carried out two separate test days with three days rest in between. At the first measurement, 6 randomly selected athletes performed an active rest in the form of balance and joint stability exercises on a balance board, while the other 6 had a passive rest. On the second measurement, athletes changed the type of rest. Plyometric training consisted of 5 series of 9 repetitive vertical jumps. We used a 5 minute cycle which included rest that was a little shorter than five minutes. Proprioception or balance and joint stability exercise consisted of 3 series of 30 second standing on a balance board with 30 second rest in between. We statistically analyzed the middle three, the last three and all the jumps in the series and compared them to each other. The results showed that there were no statistically significant differences between the heights of the middle three jumps and all jumps (p = 0.675; p = 0.273), but showed statistically significant differences in the last three jumps (p = 0.045). We concluded that, in general, implementation of balance and joint stability exercises during rest does not affect plyometric training. However, statistically significant differences showed possible potentiation effect on vertical jumps when performing an active rest, when we studied the last three jumps in series.

Keywords:Pliometric training, balance, joint stability, stretch-shortening cycle, strength, recovery

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