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Spremljanje porabe električne energije in hlajenja sistemskega prostora s protokoli za upravljanje omrežja
PERKO, MATEJ (Author), Kos, Anton (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V delu je na primeru okolja Univerzitetne službe za informatiko Univerze v Ljubljani opisano spremljanje in beleženje porabe električne energije in hlajenja s klimatsko napravo sistemskega prostora. Storitve informacijske in komunikacijske tehnologije univerzitetne službe za informatiko, ki jih ta nudi rektoratu in članicam univerze ter so od njih odvisne državne ustanove, na primer Ministrstvo za izobraževanje, znanost in šport, so bistveno odvisne od zanesljivega napajanja IKT (Informacijsko komunikacija tehnologija) opreme v sistemskem prostoru. Spremljanje zagotavljanja električne energije lahko napove morebitne zaplete, ki bi se lahko zgodili v prihodnosti, če se ne ukrepa pravočasno. Zato je pravilno delovanje aplikacij bistveno odvisno od kakovosti dobave električne energije. Kakovost dobave električne energije ter druge pomembne in pomožne parametre spremljano z nadzornim sistemom PRTG (Paessler Router Traffic Grapher), ki za celovit vpogled v delovanje spremlja in shranjuje meritve vrednosti več tisoč senzorjev. Podrobneje opisujem tiste, ki so povezani s spremljanjem električne energije in hlajenja sistemskega prostora. Pri tem so vključeni posebni merilniki in povezave med njimi. V pojasnilo njihovega delovanja, podrobneje opišem mehanizme in izvedbo protokola Modbus s komunikacijo po standardu RS–485, protokola SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) in sistema za nadzor omrežij PRTG, s katerim se izvaja tudi nadzor delovanja ostalih informacijskih sistemov in komunikacijskega omrežja. Podrobneje opišem zbrane meritve, ki se nanašajo zlasti na porabljeno električno moč in stabilno ter neprekinjeno električno napetost, način zbiranja podatkov, ter komentiram njihovo kakovost in pomen. Spremljanje delovanja IKT sistemov prek več let kaže, da je mogoče zbranim podatkom zaupati ter da dobro spremljajo trenutne vrednosti in omogočajo takojšnje opozorilo v primeru težav, podpirajo napovedovanje dolgoročnih trendov in prikažejo dnevna, tedenska in sezonska nihanja. Izmerjeni rezultati kažejo, da je na tej podlagi mogoče odkrivati in podrobneje preučevati posebnosti, na primer optimizirati porabo ali preprečevati neželene dogodke.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Modbus, SNMP, RS–485, PRTG, sistemski prostor, hlajenje, poraba električne energije, nadzor omrežij, upravljanje omrežij
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FE - Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Year:2017
Views:394
Downloads:221
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Monitoring of energy consuption and cooling of the system room with network management protocols
Abstract:
In the thesis, the monitoring and the recording of the consumption of electricity and cooling with the air-conditioning system of the server room of the IT department of the University of Ljubljana is described. Information and communication technology services provided by the University IT (Information Technology) department to the rectorate, university faculties and on these services relying state institutions, such as the Ministry of Education, Science and Sport, are essentially dependent on the reliable electrical supply of ICT (Information and communications technology) equipment in the system room. With the monitoring of the provision of electrical energy, we can predict possible complications that could occur in the future, if we would not take action at appropriate time. Therefore, the quality of the electrical energy supply is essential for the proper operation of the ICT applications. The stability of electric supply and other important and auxiliary parameters are monitored by the PRTG (Paessler Router Traffic Grapher) monitoring system, which collects and stores the measurements values of thousands of sensors for full insight into the operation. Thesis presents detailed description of the electricity supply monitoring system. This includes measuring equipment and connections between them. It contains detailed description of the mechanisms and implementation of the Modbus protocol with RS-485 communication, the SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) protocol and the PRTG network monitoring system, which is also used for monitoring of other elements of information systems and the communication network at University of Ljubljana. Thesis also describes methods and importance of data collection and collected measurements of electrical quantities and other parameters, that are critical to ensure a reliable electrical supply and consistent temperature regulation in the server room. Monitoring of the operation of ICT systems over several years indicates that the data collected can be trusted and that current measured values are accurate. This provides immediate warning in the event of problems and the ability to predict long-term trends and to show daily, weekly and seasonal fluctuations. The measured results show that it is possible to discover and study more specific features, such as consumption optimization or adverse events prevention.

Keywords:Modbus, SNMP, RS–485, PRTG, server room, cooling, electrical energy consumption, network monitoring, network management

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