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Pravila državnih pomoči in dokapitalizacija s strani države
Fortin, Matevž (Author), Simoneti, Marko (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Pravila državnih pomoči zavzemajo pomembno mesto v konkurenčnem pravu Evropske unije. Intervencija držav na skupnem trgu je omejena, razen ko gre za strogo določene izjeme, saj za državne pomoči velja njihova načelna prepoved. Za obstoj nedovoljene državne pomoči morajo biti podani vsi elementi definicije državne pomoči: obstoj podjetja, pripisljivost ukrepa državi, obstoj državnih sredstev, element prednosti, selektivnost ukrepa in izkrivljanje konkurence ter vpliv na trgovino. O združljivosti ukrepov državnih pomoči z notranjim trgom presoja Evropska komisija; v magistrski nalogi smo obravnavali štiri primere, ko je odločila, da so investicije v družbo skladne z notranjim trgom oziroma da ne predstavljajo ukrepa državne pomoči, saj ne izpolnjujejo naštetih elementov pojma državnih pomoči. Dokapitalizacija je ena izmed od oblik državnih pomoči, ki se uporablja predvsem pri reševanju družb v težavah. Postopek povečanja osnovnega kapitala družb je zapleten, saj se razlikuje glede na oblike družb ter sredstva, ki se vlagajo. V kapital družbe se lahko vložijo denar, obveznice, terjatve ipd. Podrobnejša analiza področne zakonodaje je pokazala, da ne obstaja obveznost dokapitalizacije s strani delničarjev oz. družbenikov družbe, ki bi lahko v primeru državne udeležbe prišla v konflikt s pravili o državnih pomočeh.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:pravila državnih pomoči, dokapitalizacija, združljivost z notranjim trgom, Evropska komisija, obveznost dokapitalizacije, načelo udeleženca v tržnem gospodarstvu
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:15847505 Link is opened in a new window
Views:569
Downloads:247
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:State Aid Rules and Recapitalisation by the State
Abstract:
State aid rules have an important role in the European Union’s competition law. State interference in the common market is limited. State aid is generally prohibited, however there are certain exceptions. State aid measure is prohibited when following features are cumulative met: the existence of an undertaking, the imputability of the measure to the State, its financing through State resources, the granting of an advantage, the selectivity of the measure and its effect on competition and trade between Member States. European Commission assess compatibility of the state aid measure with internal market. In four cases that we analysed in the Master’s thesis, European Commission decided that the measures are compatible with internal market or that the measures do not constitute state aid. Recapitalisation is one of the forms of the state aid and it is mainly used for restructuring undertakings in economic difficulties. The process of recapitalisation is complex due to different types of business entities and variety of assets; money, bonds, claims etc. A detailed analyses of the relevant legislation revealed that there is no duty for shareholders to recapitalise their company. Therefore there is no conflict between such duty and state aid rules.

Keywords:state aid rules, recapitalisation, compatibility with internal market, European Commission, duty to recapitalise, the market economy operator principle

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