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Podpora ranljivim družinam na domu
Leskovšek, Kaja (Author), Dekleva, Bojan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/4638/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Delo obravnava socialnopedagoško prakso podpore ranljivi družini na domu oz. v njihovem življenjskem polju. V teoretičnemu delu opredelim ranljive družine ter problemska področja oz. izzive, s katerimi se pogosto soočajo, ter raziščem obstoječe pristope in usmeritve dela z družino v polju socialne pedagogike ter podobnih strok, pri čemer izhajam iz socialnopedagoških ter transteoretičnih konceptov. Namen empiričnega dela je s študijo primera (z metodo kvalitativne analize lastnih 82 anekdotskih poročil, poleg ostalih virov) ugotoviti značilnosti in specifike lastne podporne dejavnosti pri ranljivi družini, s katero sodelujem poltretje leto, kot soudeleženka v akcijski raziskavi o ranljivih družinah, ki poteka na Pedagoški fakulteti, v sodelovanju z Društvom Kralji ulice. Namen sodelovanja z družino je bilo spodbujanje virov družinske odpornosti, večanje participacije in krepitve (družbene) moči, spodbujanje socialne vključenosti družine ter družinskih članov. Moje ugotovitve o pristopu se v osnovi analize lastnega sodelovanja v veliki meri prekrivajo z ugotovitvami avtoric Razpotnik, Turnšek, Rapuš Pavel, Poljšak Škraban (2016), ki kot ključne značilnosti našega pristopa (poleg inovativnih metod, kot so družinske konference in konference primera pri spodbujanju odpornosti, participacije družine ter bolj uglašenega, učinkovitega, dialoško usmerjenega sodelovanja s strokovnimi službami) navajajo tudi: prožnost, prisotnost v vsakodnevnem življenju družine, samorefleksivnost, sprotno odzivanje na potrebe, grajenje sodelujočega odnosa ter dajanje prednosti dinamiki in potrebam družine pred formalnimi/organizacijskimi zadevami. K omenjenemu dodajam še večperspektivnost, horizontalnost, usmerjenost v akcijo, usmerjenost v perspektivo otrok ter sinergetičnost. Ugotovitve prinašajo, navkljub potrebi po dodatnem raziskovanju in razvoju, bogat vpogled v nekatere značilnosti in specifike t.i. pristopa prožne podpore ranljivi družini v njenem življenjskem polju. S tem sem orisala zemljevid konceptualnih metod, vsebin, potreb, pristopov, značilnih za metodo prožnega nudenja podpore na domu, kot tudi bolj specifično: številne izzive in odprte dileme konkretnega primera sodelovanja. Ugotovitve pričujoče naloge tako doprinašajo socialnopedagoški stroki v smislu prikaza primera (dovolj dobre) prakse (navkljub delnim rezultatom, saj sodelovanje z družino še poteka, ter nekaterih možnih omejitev kvalitativnega raziskovanja, kot je neobjektivnost in (ne)prenosljivost ugotovitev), prav tako pa tudi v smislu dopolnitve konceptualizacije, saj je raziskava doprinesla tudi k prepoznavi strokovnih konceptov, ki omogočajo razvijanje in izvajanje prožnega, potrebam prilagojenega sinergetičnega pristopa (stroke) k sodelovanju z ranljivimi družinami.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:ranljive družine
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:11691337 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:75
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Providing support for vulnerable families at home
Abstract:
The present thesis researches the social pedagogy practice of supporting a vulnerable family at their home, in other words oriented toward their life-world. The theoretical part consists of defining vulnerable families and problematic areas or challenges which they often face. Furthermore, the existing approaches and guidelines for working with families in the field of social pedagogy and related disciplines are discussed, wherein the paper is grounded on socio-pedagogical and trans-theoretical concepts. The empirical part is based on a case study (using the method of qualitative analysis of 82 personal reports and other sources) and its purpose is to discover characteristics and specifics of my own supporting activity in working with a vulnerable family. I have been working with the family for two and a half years as one of the participants in the action research about vulnerable families, initiated by the Faculty of Education in cooperation with the association for help and self-help of the homeless organization Kralji ulice. The intention of working with the family was to support the resources of family resilience, to increase participation, to (socially) empower, and to encourage social inclusion of the family and its individual members. Razpotnik, Turnšek, Rapuš Pavel, Poljšak Škraban (2016) define some of the crucial characteristics of our approach: flexibility, presence in daily lives of the family, regular responding to needs, self-reflectivity, building of a cooperative relationship, and prioritizing the dynamics and needs of the family rather than the formal demands of organizations and institutions. Other innovative methods utilized were also utilized, namely family conferences and case conferences that support resilience and increase participation of the family. Nonetheless, these methods enable the cooperation with social welfare services to be synergetic, effective, and based on dialogue. My findings, which are grounded in the analysis of my own activity, are largely similar to the ones mentioned, while I am also including the following characteristics: multi-perspectivity, horizontality, action oriented work, orientation of children’s perspective and synergy. Despite the need for additional research and upgrade, these findings enable a rich insight into some characteristics and specifics of the so-called life-world-oriented flexible family support for vulnerable families. Moreover, the thesis provides a wide range of possible conceptual tools, methods, contents, needs, and approaches that arise when working in the families’ homes. More specifically, it shows challenges and open dilemmas that occurred in my own practice. In conclusion, this thesis's contribution to the discipline of social pedagogy lies in demonstrating a good (enough) practice (although it is based on partial results since the work with the family is ongoing; and despite the possible limits of qualitative research such as subjectivity and limited possibility for generalizing the findings). Lastly, the work contributes to improving conceptualizations for the research, enables the recognition of professional concepts that represent a base for developing and implementing flexible, needs-oriented synergetic (professional) approach to work with vulnerable families.

Keywords:vulnerable families

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