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REVŠČINA IN SOCIALNA IZKLJUČENOST STAROSTNIKOV IN PRIMERJAVA Z AVSTRIJO
BAJC, MATEJA (Author), Aristovnik, Aleksander (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Demografske spremembe so obsežen problem današnje družbe in eden največjih družbenih in gospodarskih izzivov Evrope za 21. stoletje. Slovenija se poleg hitrega staranja prebivalstva sooča še s problemom visoke stopnje tveganja revščine in socialne izključenosti starostnikov. Namen diplomskega dela je bil na podlagi opravljene analize prikazati glavne razlike med Slovenijo in Avstrijo v stanju revščine in socialne izključenosti starostnikov. Ugotovila sem, da se v Sloveniji razlika med povprečno neto plačo in povprečno neto pokojnino iz leta v leto povečuje, da imajo med dejavniki tveganja za materialno in socialno ogroženost starostnikov pomembno vlogo razpoložljivi dohodek, zdravstveno stanje in delovna zgodovina, da so v Sloveniji z vidika revščine in socialne izključenosti daleč najbolj ogrožene samske in nizko izobražene starostnice. Analiza je tudi pokazala, da sodimo v skupino evropskih držav z nadpovprečno stopnjo revščine med starejšim prebivalstvom, medtem ko je Avstrija celo za slab odstotek pod evropskim povprečjem. V Sloveniji je populacija starostnikov po stopnji revščine in socialne izključenosti v samem vrhu, v Avstriji pa čisto na dnu. Državi se razlikujeta še v stopnji revščine glede na stanovanjsko razmerje, tip gospodinjstva in doseženo stopnjo izobrazbe starostnika. Stanje v Sloveniji terja spremembe na področju pokojninsko-invalidskega zavarovanja, izdelavo strategij za učinkovitejše medgeneracijsko sodelovanje, spremembo odnosa mlajših generacij do starejših, večje upoštevanje njihove vloge v družbi ter boljši dostop do zdravstvene oskrbe.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:revščina, socialna izključenost, materialna prikrajšanost, starostniki, Slovenija in Avstrija, kakovost življenja
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:FU - Faculty of Administration
Year:2017
Views:405
Downloads:189
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:POVERTY AND SOCIAL EXCLUSION AMONG OLDER PEOPLE AND COMPARISON WITH AUSTRIA
Abstract:
Demographic changes are extensive problem in today's society and one of the biggest social and economic challenges for Europe in the 21st century. Slovenia, in addition to the rapid aging of the population, is also facing the problem of high level of risk of poverty and social exclusion of older people. The purpose of the final exam thesis is to show, based on the performed analysis, the main differences between Slovenia and Austria in the situation of poverty and social exclusion of older people. I have found that in Slovenia the difference between the average net salary and the average net pension is increasing from year to year; that among the risk factors for the material and social vulnerability of older people, the key role have the available income, health status and employment history; that in Slovenia, in terms of poverty and social exclusion, by far the most vulnerable are low-educated and single older women. The analysis also shows that we belong to a group of European countries with above-average poverty rates among the older population, while Austria is even less than one percent below the European average. In Slovenia, the older population according to the rate of poverty and social exclusion is at the top, and in Austria at the bottom. The two countries differ also in the level of poverty regarding the housing status, household type and level of education of older people. The situation in Slovenia requires changes in the pension and disability insurance, development of strategies for more effective intergenerational cooperation, change in the attitude of younger generations to older people, taking greater account of their role in the society and better access to health care.

Keywords:poverty, social exclusion, material deprivation, older people, Slovenia and Austria, quality of life

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