Introduction: Religion and spirituality have always played an important role in human life and health. Today's globalized society raises the need for awareness and knowledge about how much and what religious and cultural values mean to an individual in certain life situations, which is especially important in nursing care, because respecting and acknowledging religious needs and their transfer to life activities during medical treatment, affect the quality of patient care. Purpose: The purpose is to present the elements of Hindu religion, which will enable nurses to provide religiously competent, comprehensive care, and to identify and present the most important facts among the religious beliefs of Hindu patients in general. We will focus on the context of treatment, health and dying, and examine the impact of religion on health and healing in Hinduism. Methods: A descriptive method with a systematic, thematic literature review was used. Inclusion criteria for the search were articles with years of outcome between 2005 and 2017, written in English and available in the full text. Literature was searched in databases CINAHL with full text, MEDLINE and ScienceDirect. Results: In the results we presented life aspects and values of a potential patient, largely influenced by the Hindu religion. With the description and explanation of parts of the Hindu lifestyle, we wanted to highlight the differences between the Hindu and the Western way of life, in order to facilitate the understanding of the needs and values of the Hindu patient by the nurse. The authors cite the importance of communication Discussion and conclusion: Knowing and understanding the patient of a Hindu religion by a nurse leads to a faster search for solutions to divergences and compromises that make work easier, and in the first place benefit the patient. It is important that nurses understand and take into account Hindu beliefs and rituals in the event of illness, dying and end of life, in order to be able to support the patient and his family during this difficult time. Because of the diversity of Hindu beliefs, it is most important that the nurse does not assume about the patient's religious needs, but asks the patient and the family about their habits and needs. The most important tool in this is the appropriate communication, the most important elements of comminication for identifying and evaluating the patient's religious needs by a nurse are an approach with respect, understanding, sensitivity and integrity.