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Preučevanje sočasne uporabe entomopatogenih ogorčic (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae in Heterorhabditidae) in akaricidov v laboratorijskih razmerah
Držaj, Urška (Author), Laznik, Žiga (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Entomopatogene ogorčice (EO) so organizmi, ki se uporabljajo v programih biotičnega varstva rastlin. Z željo po razširitvi znanja o združljivosti EO s fitofarmacevtskimi sredstvi (FFS), smo preučili združljivost infektivnih ličink (IL) EO s petimi akaricidi (Apollo 50 SC, Envidor SC 240, Masai, Ortus 5 SC in Triathlon sprej) v laboratorijskih pogojih. Učinke posameznih akaricidov na IL smo preučili v petrijevkah pri 15, 20 in 25 °C. Čas izpostavljenosti posameznemu akaricidu je bil 4 in 24 ur. V raziskavo smo vključili 4 vrste EO: Steinernema feltiae, S. carpocapsae, S. kraussei in Heterorhabditis bacteriophora. Rezultati kažejo, da je vrsta H. bacteriophora najbolj tolerantna med vsemi preučevanimi vrstami in jo lahko mešamo s skoraj vsemi akaricidi. Najbolj občutljiva vrsta EO na delovanje akaricidov se je izkazala S. feltiae, katero lahko mešamo samo z dvema pripravkoma. Aktivna snov (a.s.), ki je najbolj primerna za mešanje z EO, je fenpiroksimat, ki je pri 25 °C povzročila smrtnost le IL vrste S. feltiae (44 %). A.s. abamektin in piretrin imata negativen učinek na preživetje EO. Rezultati so pokazali, da je združljivost EO s FFS vrstno specifična lastnost. Poleg tega na preživetje IL vplivata tudi čas izpostavljenosti a.s. in temperatura. Sočasni nanos EO in akaricidov bi lahko predstavljal prednost v integriranem varstvu rastlin. Kombinacije EO in akaricida bi lahko prihranile čas in denar pri hkratnem obvladovanju različnih škodljivih organizmov (žuželke, pršice).

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:entomopatogene ogorčice, akaricidi, združljivost, smrtnost, laboratorijske razmere
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2017
Publisher:[U. Držaj]
UDC:632.937.1:632.651:632.951(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:8758905 Link is opened in a new window
Views:364
Downloads:244
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Testin the simultaneous use of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae) and acaricides under laboratory conditions
Abstract:
Entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) are organisms that can be used in biological control of plants. In order to expand our knowledge about the compatibility of the EPNs to phytopharmaceuticals, we studied the effect of simultaneous use of EPNs infective juveniles (IJs) and acaricides (Apollo 50 SC, Envidor SC 240, Masai, Ortus 5 SC in Triathlon sprej) under laboratory conditions. The direct exposure of acaricides to EPNs was studied in Petri dishes at 15, 20, and 25 °C. EPNs were exposed to acaricides for 4, and 24 hours. Four EPNs species were included in our investigation; Steinernema feltiae, S. carpocapsae, S. kraussei, and H. bacteriophora. The results of our laboratory investigation have shown that H. bacteriophora was the most tolerant EPN species. H. bacteriophora can be mixed with almost all tested acaricides. On the other hand, the most sensitive EPN species was S. feltiae. Our observation showed that S. feltiae can be mixed only with two acaricides. Active ingredient fenpyroximate prooved to be the most suitable for mixing with EPNs. Our results showed that fenpyroximate was at 25 °C lethal only to S. feltiae (44 % mortality). The mortality of EPNs was highest in active ingredients abamectin and pyrethrin. Our results have confirmed, that compatibility of EPNs to acaricides is a species specific characteristic. The mortality of EPNs was influenced also by the exposure time, active ingredient, and temperature. The combined use of EPNs and acaricides could represent an advantage in integrated plant protection programmes. Combinations of EPNs and acaricides could save time and money in the simultaneous control of various pests (insects, mites).

Keywords:entomopathogenic nematodes, acaricides, simultaneous use, mortality, laboratory conditions

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