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Spoznavanje lastnosti snovi skozi učenje z raziskovanjem pri predmetu naravoslovje in tehnika
Jančič, Barbara (Author), Pavlin, Jerneja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/4589/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Pri učenju z raziskovanjem imajo učenci glavno vlogo in v skupinah ali sami poskušajo raziskati določen problem, si izmenjujejo mnenja in poiščejo eno ali več poti do rešitve. Skozi tak način pouka je učenje za večino učencev bolj zanimivo kot frontalni pouk in tudi znanje trajnejše ter lažje prenesljivo na različne podobne življenjske situacije. Z magistrskim delom smo želeli ugotoviti, i) v kolikšni meri lahko skozi učenje z raziskovanjem pri predmetu naravoslovje in tehnika v 4. razredu učenci usvojijo znanje o lastnostih različnih snovi in ii) napredujejo v načrtovanju poskusov ter iii) spremenijo situacijski interes do učenja z raziskovanjem in do predmeta NIT . Načrtovali in izvedli smo kvalitativno raziskavo. V 10 šolskih urah so učenci spoznavali lastnosti snovi skozi učenje z raziskovanjem. V raziskavo je bila vključena skupina 13 učencev in učenk 4. razreda izbrane mestne šole. Podatke smo zbirali s petimi instrumenti, in sicer s preizkusom znanja o lastnostih snovi, preizkusom znanja o načrtovanju poskusa, učnim listom, vprašalnikom o situacijskem interesu in vprašalnikom za evalvacijo učne ure. Skozi učne ure so učenci izpolnjevali sestavljene instrumente, pridobljeni podatki pa so omogočili oblikovanje odgovorov na raziskovalna vprašanja. Ugotovili smo, da so učenci izbrane skupine skozi učenje z raziskovanjem nadgradili svoje znanje o lastnostih snovi. Napredovali so v načrtovanju poskusov, saj so bila njihova načrtovanja vedno bolj natančna, pravilna in samostojnejša. Izkazalo se je tudi, da so učenci skozi učne ure spreminjali situacijski interes do predmeta NIT in do učenja z raziskovanjem. Omejitve izvedene raziskave so pomanjkanje števila učnih ur, ki nam jih je odstopila razredničarka skupine učencev, spreminjajoča se pripravljenost učencev za sodelovanje pri učni uri glede na termin učne ure in prilagajanje urnika izvajanja učnih ur glede na redne dejavnosti. Magistrsko delo ponuja ideje, kako obravnavati učno temo snovi preko učenja z raziskovanjem in tako posredno spodbuja izvajanje tovrstnega načina pouka pri predmetu naravoslovje in tehnika. Obenem magistrsko delo nakazuje smernice za nadaljnje akcijsko raziskovanje.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:učenje z raziskovanjem
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:11656265 Link is opened in a new window
Views:564
Downloads:102
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Exploring properties of substances by inquiry-based learning in science and technology
Abstract:
With inquiry-based learning, the teacher guides students to research certain problems in groups or on their own, exchange opinion and look for one or more solutions. Learning by inquiry is more interesting for students than traditional frontal learning because it is easily transferable to real-life situations. The master thesis focuses on i) how and to what extent does the inquiry-based learning in the subject Science and Technology in the 4th grade bring students to gain knowledge about the properties of substances, ii) in what extent students’ progress in experimental planning is evident and iii) how students change their situational interest towards inquiry-based learning and the subject of Science and Technology. We conducted a qualitative research. We prepared 10 school lessons in which the students learned about the properties of substances through inquiry-based learning. The sample was composed of 13 students from the 4thgrade in the selected non-rural school. The data was selected using five instruments: a test about properties of substances, a test about conducting an experiment, a worksheet, a questionnaire about situational interest and a lesson evaluation questionnaire. During the classes the students filled out the instruments, and the data analysis enabled the formation of answers to the research questions. We concluded that the students expanded their knowledge of substances and their properties. They also improved in experimental planning, because their planning was getting more precise, accurate and independent. It is evident that the students changed their situational interest in the subject of Science and Technology and inquiry-based learning. The limitations of the research are: lack of lessons that were given away by the class teacher of the group of students, changes of the students’ readiness to participate in class according to the schedule of the lesson, adaptation of the class schedule according to the regular activities in order to carry out our lessons. The master thesis suggests ideas on how to teach the topic of Substances using the method of inquiry-based learning, and it indirectly encourages carrying it out in the subject Science and Technology. At the same time, it provides guidelines for further action research.

Keywords:inquiry-based learning

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