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Zdravstvena nega pacienta z zlorabo psihoaktivnih snovi po temeljnih življenjskih aktivnostih : pregled literature
Traven, Nataša (Author), Peterka Novak, Jožica (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Lapanja, Aljoša (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
Uvod: Zloraba psihoaktivnih snovi je resna socialna, družbena in zdravstvena težava razvitega sveta. Za pacienta, odvisnega od psihoaktivnih snovi, so značilni aroganca, nastopaštvo, manipulacija, jeza, prikrivanje, brezmejnost, občutek izdanosti, tesnoba, čustvena otopelost in neupoštevanje dogovorov, zato je zdravljenje težavno in pogosto neuspešno. Za sindrom odvisnosti od psihoaktivnih snovi je značilen tudi vedenjski vzorec, s katerim pacient z odvisnostjo daje prednost pred drugimi načini vedenja, ki so imeli v preteklosti zanj večjo vrednost. Namen: Na podlagi strokovne literature predstaviti zdravstveno nego pacienta z zlorabo psihoaktivnih snovi po temeljnih življenjskih aktivnostih in predstaviti najpomembnejše ukrepe medicinske sestre. Metode: Pri pisanju diplomskega dela je bila uporabljena deskriptivna metoda dela. Pregled literature je potekal z uporabo podatkovnih baz CINAHL, PubMed in strokovnih knjig. Gradivo je bilo iskano tudi prek digitalne knjižnice Univerze v Ljubljani (DiKul) in v bibliografsko-kataložni bazi podatkov slovenskih knjižnic COBIB.SI. Upoštevana je bila objavljena literatura od leta 2006 do leta 2016. Uporabljeni so bili strokovni in izvirni ter pregledni znanstveni članki. Iskanje literature se je začelo avgusta 2016 in je potekalo do decembra 2016. Razprava in zaključek: Zdravstvena nega pacienta z zlorabo psihoaktivnih snovi je zelo zahtevna. Pomembna sta znanje in izobraževanje medicinskih sester in drugih zdravstvenih delavcev, ki sodelujejo v obravnavi. Pomembno vlogo ima medicinska sestra, saj je v neposrednem stiku, s pacienti, odvisnimi od psihoaktivnih snovi, 24 ur na dan. Pri vseh temeljnih življenjskih aktivnostih je pomembna terapevtska komunikacija, ki se je je treba naučiti in jo uporabljati. Že v času izobraževanja bi morali poudarjati pomen duševnega zdravja in spodbujati uporabo znanja v praksi, saj se le tako lahko zagotovi celovita in kakovostna zdravstvena nega.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:zloraba psihoaktivnih snovi, zdravstvena nega odvisnih od psihoaktivnih snovi, psihoaktivne snovi, vpliv na zdravje
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5288811 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:536
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Nursing care of a patient with psychoactive substance abuse by basic living activities : literature review
Abstract:
Introduction: Psychoactive substance abuse is a serious social and health problem of the developed world. A patient, who is dependent on psychoactive substances, is arrogant, self-important, manipulative, angry and secretive, has no limits, feels betrayed, is anxious, emotionally numb and does not uphold agreements. Treatment therefore poses a problem and is often unsuccessful. The syndrome of psychoactive substance dependence is also characterised by the behavioural pattern of the patient, through their dependence, changing the priority of other behaviours to which they used to attribute a higher value. Purpose: Based on the professional literature to present the healthcare of a patient abusing psychoactive substances according to individual activities of daily living and to present the most important measures of nurses. Methods: The descriptive method was used when writing this diploma thesis. The literature was reviewed using CINAHL and PubMed databases and expert books. The material was further explored using the Digital Library of the University of Ljubljana (DiKul) and the COBIB.SI bibliographic/catalogue database of Slovenian libraries. References published from 2006 to 2016 were considered. Expert, original and transparent scientific articles were used. The search for the material began in August 2016 and lasted until December 2016. Discussion and conclusion: Healthcare of a patient abusing psychoactive substances is very complex. Important parts are the knowledge and training of nurses and other health professionals who come into contact with the patient. The nurse plays a key role, as nurses are primarily those exposed to patients who are dependent on psychoactive substances. For all main activities of daily living communication is important, which has to be learned, trained and used. Already during education, the importance of mental health should be emphasised and the use of knowledge in practice encouraged, as this is the only way to provide comprehensive and high-quality healthcare.

Keywords:psychoactive substance abuse, healthcare of psychoactive substance addicts, psychoactive substances, effect on health

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