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Pokopališča kot hortikulturni objekt
Kunst, Vlasta (Author), Osterc, Gregor (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Pokopališča so poseben pietetni prostor, ki jih med drugim urejamo s specifičnimi načini sajenja okrasnih rastlin. V Evropskem prostoru je pokopališko vrtnarstvo pomemben del hortikulture. V Nemčiji imajo za pokopališko vrtnarsko ureditev zasnovano šolanje pokopaliških vrtnarjev. Vrtnarjenje na pokopališkem prostoru ima posebne zahteve, vezane na ureditev grobnega polja v povezavi z nagrobnikom, kot tudi na umestitev nasada v celotni pokopališki prostor. Pokopališča se razlikujejo po zasnovi prostorske razporeditve, po umestitvi v krajino, s katero se lahko zlivajo ali pa jih od proste krajine loči okvir iz grajenih elementov ali rastja, sajenega v živo mejo. Na način postavitve in ureditve ter s tem tudi količino in način saditve okrasnih rastlin na pokopališkem prostoru imajo močan vpliv zgodovinski razvoj, verska usmerjenost, nacionalnost, podnebne in talne razmere. Saditev na grobnem polju je na naših pokopališčih urejena s predpisi. V mnogih evropskih pokopaliških prostorih v Evropi, ki so parkovno urejeni, je saditev rastlin načrtovana le strani upravljalcev pokopališč. Ljubljansko pokopališče Žale je kot izjemna arhitekturna umetnina arhitekta Jožeta Plečnika, moderno zasnovana nekropola arhitekta Marka Mušiča ter kot hortikulturno bogat in raznolik pokopališki prostor uvrščeno v Združenje kulturno pomembnih evropskih pokopališč – ASCE. V slovenskem okviru pa ima, poleg pietetne, pomembno vlogo kot zelena površina Mestne občine Ljubljana.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:pokopališče, hortikultura, okrasne rastline, urejanje krajine
Work type:Diploma project paper (mb13)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2017
Publisher:[V. Kunst]
UDC:718:712.4:635.9(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:8753785 Link is opened in a new window
Views:446
Downloads:269
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Cemetery as the horticurtural Facility
Abstract:
A cemetery is a special place of reverence, the arrangement of which follows specific methods of planting decorative plants. In Europe, cemetery gardening is an important part of horticulture. In Germany, for example, cemetery gardeners are specially trained in cemetery gardening arrangements. Gardening in cemeteries must meet specific requirements when it comes to arranging burial plots in relation to the headstone, as well as placing the grave arrangement within the entire cemetery space. Cemeteries vary in terms of their spatial distribution and placement within the landscape, with which they can blend in or from which they can be separated by means of a frame made either of constructed elements or vegetation planted to form a hedgerow. The manner of placement and arrangement as well as the quantity and method of planting decorative plants in cemeteries are influenced heavily by the historical development, religious orientation, nationality, as well as the climate and soil situation. While planting on burial plots is subject to various regulations in Slovenia, cemetery operators have the sole responsibility of planning suitable planting at many cemeteries throughout Europe, which are designed as parks. The Žale Cemetery in Ljubljana is an extraordinary architectural work of art designed by Jože Plečnik, which also encompasses a modern necropolis designed by architect Marko Mušič. Being a horticulturally abundant and diverse cemetery space, Žale is included in the Association of Significant Cemeteries of Europe (ASCE). In addition to being an important place of reverence in Slovenia, Žale plays a significant role as a large green area in the Municipality of Ljubljana.

Keywords:cemetery, horticulture, landscape planning, ornamental plants

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