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Študij formiranja grafenskih filmov in jakosti njihove sklopitve s substratom Ni(111)
Benedetič, Neja (Author), Cvetko, Dean (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Bavdek, Gregor (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/4528/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Grafen je material, ki z edinstvenimi lastnostmi vzbuja veliko zanimanje in ponuja tehnološko obetavne lastnosti. V magistrskem delu predstavim grafen in njegove lastnosti, opišem kristalno strukturo ter z metodo tesne vezi prikažem teoretični izračun disperzijske relacije energijskih pasov v grafenu. Sledi poglavje, kjer predstavim eksperimentalne metode, s katerimi sem opravila meritve – to so sipanje atomov helija (HAS), rentgenska fotoelektronska spektroskopija (XPS), ultravijolična fotoelektronska spektroskopija (UPS) in kotno ločljiva ultravijolična fotoelektronska spektroskopija (ARUPS). V eksperimentalnem delu predstavim formiranje grafenskih filmov na površini Ni(111), ki sem jih tvorila s kemičnim naparevanjem etilena, in raziščem jakost njihove sklopitve s površino. Z meritvami rentgenske fotoelektronske spektroskopije sem določila vrsto nastalega grafenskega filma in tako ločila grafenski fazi (epitaksialno in rotirano) ter karbidno fazo. Ugotovila sem, da temperatura vzorca in koncentracija raztopljenega ogljika v substratu, ki je povezana s tlakom in časom doziranja plinastega ogljikovodika, vplivata na vrste nastale faze grafenskega filma. S sipanjem atomov helija sem sledila urejenosti na površini med doziranjem etilena. Meritve so pokazale, da je karbidna faza bolj urejena od grafenskih faz. Z ultravijolično fotoelektronsko spektroskopijo ter s kotno ločljivo ultravijolično spektroskopijo pa sem določila strukturo in disperzijo valenčnega pasu. Pri dvoplastnem grafenu sem opazila premik π -stanj k nižjim vezavnim energijam, kar kaže, da je rotirana faza dvoplastnega grafena šibkeje sklopljena s površino Ni(111) kot epitaksialna faza. Sledi še primerjava disperzijske relacije epitaksialnega grafena na površini niklja in dvoplastnega grafena na površini niklja. Meritve so pokazale, da se pri epitaksialnem grafenu pojavi energijska reža, ki meri 2,4 eV, pri dvoplastnem grafenu pa π pas doseže Fermijevo energijo v točki K.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:grafen
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:11613001 This link opens in a new window
Views:685
Downloads:189
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Study of graphene film formation and coupling strength with the substrate Ni(111)
Abstract:
Graphene is a material with unique properties, which attract a lot of interest and offer technologically advanced features. In master’s thesis I present graphene and its properties, describe the crystal structure and show the theoretical calculation of the dispersion relation of energy bands in graphene, using the tight binding method. In the following chapter I present the experimental methods which I have exploited to perform the measurements – helium atom scattering (HAS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) and angle resolved ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (ARUPS). In the experimental part, I present the formation of graphene films on the surface Ni(111), which I have created by chemical vapor deposition of ethylene. By X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements, I have determined the type of produced graphene film and distinguished different graphene phases (epitaxial and rotated) from the carbide phase. I have found that the temperature of the sample and the concentration of dissolved carbon in the substrate (this is associated with the pressure and the time of ethylene dosing) play crucial role on the type of the graphene phase formed on Ni(111). Using helium atom scattering I have measured surface roughness during ethylene dosing. Measurements have shown that the carbide phase is more ordered than graphene phases. By using ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy and angle-resolved ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy, I have determined the structure and dispersion of the valence band. In the case of the bi-layer graphene, I observed the shift of the π-states towards lower binding energies, showing that the rotated phase in bi-layer graphene couples with Ni(111) surface weaker than epitaxial graphene. I have made a comparison of the dispersion relation for the epitaxial graphene on the Ni(111) and the bi-layer graphene on the surface of nickel. Measurements are in good agreement with theoretical calculation of dispersion, showing energy gap for epitaxial graphene (2,4 eV) and gapless bi-layer graphene.

Keywords:graphene

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