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Levkemija pri otroku in problemi prehranjevanja in pitja : pregled literature
Šinkovec, Sara (Author), Bizjak, Martina (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Podhranjenost in kaheksija sta pogosta pri otrocih z levkemijo in sta pokazatelja slabše prognoze. Slabo prehransko stanje otroka je povezano z večjim številom stranskih učinkov zdravljenja, s slabšim odzivom na zdravljenje in krajšim preživetjem. Funkcionalno stanje otrok in kakovost njihovega življenja sta slabša. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je opisati problem prehranjevanja in pitja pri otroku z levkemijo. Metode dela: V diplomskem delu je uporabljena deskriptivna metoda dela s kritičnim pregledom domače in tuje literature, ki se nanaša na problem prehranjevanja in pitja pri otroku z levkemijo. Razprava in zaključek: Prehranska obravnava otroka je del zdravljenja pri levkemiji. Začeti jo moramo dovolj zgodaj. S prehransko podporo pričnemo takoj po postavitvi diagnoze ne glede na to, ali je podhranjenost že navzoča ali se samo predvideva, da bo vnos hrane zmanjšan za več kot 7−10 dni. Nadomestiti moramo razliko med dejanskim vnosom hranil in potrebami. Priporočen način prehranske podpore je vnos hranil prek prebavil (oralni prehranski dodatki, enteralna hrana). V primeru, da to ni možno, vnašamo hranila s parenteralno prehrano. Energetske potrebe pri otrocih z rakom so primerljive z energetskimi potrebami otrok, ki nimajo raka.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:otrok, prehrana, levkemija, podhranjenost, stranski učinki
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5277035 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:454
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Leukemia in children and problems with eating and drinking : literature review
Abstract:
Introduction: Malnutrition and cachexia are common in children with leukemia and are indicators of a bad prognosis. A poor nutritive state of a child is linked with an increased number of side-effects of treatment with poor response to treatment and a shorter period of survival. The functional state of children and the quality of their lives are worse. Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to describe the problem of eating and drinking in children with leukemia. Methods: In the thesis, the descriptive work method with a critical review of domestic and foreign literature about the problem of eating and drinking of children with leukemia has been used. Discussion and completion: The nutritional treatment of children is a part of treatment in the case of leukemia. We have to start with it as early as possible. We start the nutritive support as soon after the diagnosis, regardless if the malnutrition is already present or if it is being assumed that the food intake will be decreased for more than 7-10 days. We need to compensate the difference between the actual food intake and the needs. The recommended way of nutritive support is the input of nutrients through the gastrointestinal tract (oral nutritional supplements, enteral nutrition). In the case that this is not possible, we introduce nutrients with parenteral nutrition. The energy needs in children with cancer are comparable with energy needs of children without cancer.

Keywords:child, nutrition, leukemia, malnutrition, side-effects

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