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Varna raba izbranih zelišč in začimb v nosečnosti : diplomsko delo
Kunčič, Klara (Author), Pandel Mikuš, Ruža (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Zelišča in začimbe so že stoletja prisotni pri lajšanju težav, ki se pojavijo v nosečnosti in pri samem porodu. V 21. stoletju njihova uporaba med nosečnicami zopet sunkovito narašča, priljubljene pa so tudi med babicami. Niso pa vsa zelišča varna, nekatera vsebujejo učinkovine, ki prehajajo skozi posteljico, delujejo teratogeno ali celo povzročijo splav. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je predstaviti varnost in uporabo izbranih zelišč in začimb, ki se jih pogosto uporablja v nosečnosti in pri pripravi na porod, in z metaanalizo znanstvenih študij potrditi sledeče trditve: oralno uživanje pripravkov iz ameriškega slamnika med nosečnostjo ne poveča tveganja za pojav malformacij pri plodu; ingver deluje proti slabosti in bruhanju enako ali celo bolj učinkovito kot vitamin B_6 (piridoksin) in nima teratogenega učinka; uživanje pripravkov iz malinovih listov zmanjša možnost za zaplete ob porodu in nima škodljivih učinkov na mamo ali plod; po zaužitju ricinusovega olja se poveča možnost za indukcijo poroda v 24 urah, glede njegove varnosti si raziskovalci niso enotni. Metode dela: Narejena je metaanaliza znanstvenih študij v angleškem jeziku, iskali smo v bibliografskem servisu COBISS.SI in podatkovnih bazah CINAHL, Medline, Cochrane, PubMed DiKUL in SciencDirect. Metaanaliza randomiziranih znanstvenih in kliničnih študij je narejena po vrednotenju štiristopenjske lestvice, ki sta jo osnovala avtorja Eccles in Mason Rezultati: Analiza znanstvenih in kliničnih študij je pokazala, da so redka zelišča in začimbe raziskani in dokazano varni v nosečnosti. Razprava in sklep: Le izbrana zelišča in začimbe so v nosečnosti raziskani, da so varni in imajo pozitiven učinek na lajšanje težav, ki nastopijo v nosečnosti in ob porodu. Kljub temu je število opravljenih raziskav premajhno, da bi lahko splošno zagotovili varnost njihove uporabe, z izjemo ingverja. Potrjene so naslednje trditve: trditev o neškodljivem delovanju ameriškega slamnika na plod v času nosečnosti; trditev o pozitivnem učinkovanju in zagotovljeni varnosti ingverja pri slabosti in bruhanju; trditev o neškodljivem delovanju malinovih listov na mamo in plod in možnosti zmanjšanja zapletov ob porodu ter trditev o zagotovljeni indukciji poroda po zaužitju ricinusovega olja, čeprav sama varnost ni povsem dokazana.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:nosečnost, porod, zelišča, začimbe, ameriški slamnik, ingver, malinovi listi, ricinusovo olje
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5260907 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1191
Downloads:2069
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Safe use of selected herbs and spices during pregnancy : diploma thesis
Abstract:
Introduction: Herbs and spices have been present for centuries for alleviating problems that occur during pregnancy and childbirth. In the 21st century their use among pregnant women and also midwives again rises rapidly. However, not all of the herbs are safe during pregnancy as some of them contain active ingredients that can cross the placenta, have teratogenic effect or even cause an abortion. Aim: The purpose of this thesis is to present the safety and use of selected herbs and spices, which are widely used in pregnancy and during labour. A meta-analysis of scientific studies confirm the following hypotheses: oral intake of preparations of Echinacea during pregnancy does not increase the risk of malformation of the fetus; Ginger is effective against nausea and vomiting equally or even more effective than vitamin B_6and has no teratogenic effect; raspberry leaf products reduce chances of complications during labour and have no adverse effect on the mother or fetus; after taking castor oil the potential for induction of labour increases in 24 hours, but in terms of its safety researchers are not unanimous. Methods of work: A meta-analysis of foreign scientific studies has been conducted. We searched using the bibliographic catalogue and using databases such as (CINAHL, Medline, Cochrane, PubMed DiKUL, SciencDirect). The meta-analysis of scientific and randomized clinical studies is conducted by evaluating with a four-point scale by authors Eccles and Mason. Results: Analysis of the scientific and clinical studies has shown that rare herbs and spices are well researched and proven to be safe during pregnancy. Discussion and conclusion: Only selected herbs and spices have been researched and proven to be safe during pregnancy and to have a positive effect on relieving problems that arise during pregnancy and labour. Despite that, the number of studies is too limited to generally ensure the safety of their use - ginger excluded. The following hypotheses have been confirmed: the hypothesis about harmless functioning of Echinacea on the fetus during pregnancy; the hypothesis about positive effect and ensured safety of ginger for nausea and vomiting; the hypothesis that claims harmless functioning of raspberry leaves on the mother and the fetus and the potential to reduce complications during childbirth and the hypothesis about guaranteed induction of labour after taking castor oil, although its own security is not fully proven.

Keywords:pregnancy, labour, herbs, spices, echinacea, ginger, raspberry leaves, castor oil

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