Horseback riding is getting more and more popular. Despite the fact that number of different riding disciplines is growing, the learning approach to riding is still very traditional. The aim of this thesis was to analyze the riding technique and movement, and to create a strength exercise program, based on those analyses and intended especially for riders. This program could help the riders ride more economically and improve their riding technique. Most of the riders get injured sometime in their life. What concerns us, is the fact that almost half of the riders suffer from lower back pain. Resources claim that with proper strength training and muscle relaxation, we can ease or eliminate back pain. The program contains three different sets with eight exercises, engaging the whole body. By chosing some of those exercises, we tried to situationally imitate riding as much as possible, that is why we used bodyweight exercises as well as exercises with big ball and rubber band. The program is recommended for all riders. Total beginners in riding could use the program for easier and faster motor learning; it could help amateur and professional riders ride more economically and technically correct; while those suffering from lower back pain could use it to reduce or eliminate pain. We believe that all riders who would do our strength training program, would prolong years of their sports career or recreational riding.