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Rastne značilnosti navadne breze (Betula pendula Roth.) in trepetlike (Populus tremula L.) v Suhi krajini
Zajc, Robert (Author), Kadunc, Aleš (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V diplomski nalogi so prikazani rezultati analiz rastnih značilnosti navadne breze (Betula pendula Roth.) in trepetlike (Populus tremula L.) na zaraščajočih površinah v Suhi krajini. Postavili smo 10 ploskev velikosti 30 × 30 m, 5 ploskev v sestojih, kjer prevladuje navadna breza in 5, kjer prevladuje trepetlika ter izpeljali izmero drevja. Na vsaki ploskvi smo posekali po 5 dominantnih dreves ciljne vrste, in sicer skupno 25 brez in 25 trepetlik, izvedli debelno analizo in popisali notranje napake debel. Zakonitost višinske, debelinske in volumenske rasti ter produkcijska sposobnost sta bili ugotovljeni na rastiščnih enotah Hedero-Fagetum in Querco-Carpinetum. Rezultati so pokazali, da dosega trepetlika na belogabrovem rastišču večje višine kot breza, medtem ko imata na bukovem rastišču enako rast. Trepetlika ima v primerjavi z brezo na obeh rastiščih hitrejšo volumensko rast. V debelinski rasti so rastiščne razlike za obe pionirski vrsti majhne. Na hitrejšo debelinsko in volumensko rast breze se kaže vpliv tudi zelo velike krošnje. Analiza produkcijske sposobnosti je pokazala razlike med ploskvami. Za brezove ploskve z višjo boniteto pričakujemo od 8-9 m3ha-1leto-1 povprečnega volumenskega prirastka v času kulminacije, za trepetliko pa okoli 11 m3ha-1leto-1. Kakovost debel posekanih dreves kaže na neugoden sortimentni sestav.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:navadna breza, trepetlika, rast, kakovost debel, produkcijska sposobnost, Suha krajina
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:BF - Biotechnical Faculty
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:4691110 This link opens in a new window
Views:1025
Downloads:447
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Growth characteristics of Silver birch (Betula pendula Roth.) and European aspen (Populus tremula L.) in Suha krajina
Abstract:
The thesis presents the results of analysis of growth characteristics of the silver birch tree (Betula pendula Roth.) and aspen tree (Populus tremula L.) in abandoned agriculture areas in Suha krajina. 10 plots measuring 30 × 30 m have been put up, five plots in the stands dominated by birch tree and five dominated by aspen tree and the measurement of trees has been carried out. On each plot, 5 dominant trees of the target species have been cut down, namely 25 birch trees and 25 aspen trees, the stem analysis has been made and inner defects of the stems have been established. Lawfulness of height, diameter and volume growth and production capacity have been found on growth sites Hedero-Fagetum and Querco-Carpinetum. The results showed that the aspen tree on the white hornbeam site reaches greater heights than the birch tree, whereas on the beech site they both show identical growth. The aspen tree has, in comparison with the birch tree, faster volume growth on both sites. There are small growth differences in the diameter growth in both pioneer species. Very large crowns show influence on faster thickness and volume growth of the birch tree. The analysis of site productivity showed differences between the plots. For birch tree plots with a higher site quality we expect from 8 to 9 m3ha-1year-1 of the mean volume increment at the time of culmination whereas for the aspen tree it is expected to be around 11 m3ha-1year-1. The quality of the stems of the felled trees indicates an unfavorable assortment structure.

Keywords:Silver birch, European aspen, growth, stem quality, site productivity, Suha krajina

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