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Uporaba lepilnih trakov in ortoz za gleženj kot preventiva zvina gležnja pri športnikih : pregled literature
Jereb, Manca (Author), Divjak, Mojca (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Uvod: Zaradi visoke incidence zvinov gležnja pri športnikih in njene dolgotrajne rehabilitacije vse več športnikov in športnih združenj posega po uporabi lepilnih trakov in ortoz za gleženj kot preventivni ukrep proti zvinom gležnja (Wilkerson, 2002). Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je predstaviti preventivno uporabo lepilnega traku in ortoz za gleženj, ugotoviti ali uporaba lepilnega traku in ortoz za gleženj zmanjša incidenco zvina gležnjev, kakšen je vpliv zunanje opore na omejevanje giba inverzije in kakšen je vpliv lepilnega traku in ortoz za gleženj na izvajanje specifičnih športnih aktivnosti. Metode dela: Diplomsko delo je pregled literature, kjer je uporabljena opisna oziroma deskriptivna metoda. Iskanje je potekalo v dveh jezikih, slovenskem in angleškem jeziku. Z upoštevanjem izključitvenih in vključitvenih dejavnikov je v pregled literature vključenih devet raziskav. Rezultati: Rezultati so razdeljeni glede na vpliv ortoze in lepilnih trakov na incidenco zvina gležnja (4 raziskave), omejevanje obsega giba (2 raziskavi) in vpliv zunanje opore na izvajanje specifičnih športnih aktivnosti (3 raziskave). Uporaba ortoze in lepilnih trakov vpliva na zmanjšanje incidence zvina gležnja, pri čemer ortoze za gleženj statistično pomembneje vplivajo na zmanjšanje incidence. Lepilni trakovi po polovici vadbene enote izgubijo večino restriktivnega učinka, medtem ko ortoze po končani vadbi izgubijo le del. Ortoze za gleženj in lepilni trakovi ne vplivajo na izvajanje specifičnih športnih aktivnosti. Razprava in sklep: Ortoze za gleženj se kažejo kot učinkovita alternativna uporaba lepilnih trakov, saj tako kot lepilni trakovi omejujejo gibanje sklepa, zmanjšujejo incidenco zvina gležnja, ne vplivajo na izvajanje posameznikovih športnih aktivnosti, so cenovno bolj ugodne, lahke za nameščanje in ne potrebujejo strokovno usposobljenega delavca.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:zvin gležnja, lepilni trakovi, ortoze za gleženj, preventiva zvina gležnja
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Organization:ZF - University College of Health Studies
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5225835 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:591
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Use of ankle tape and orthoses as a prevention of ankle sprains in athletes : literature review
Abstract:
Introduction: High incidence of ankle sprains among athletes and it's long rehabilitation are one of the main purposes of using ankle orthoses and taping. Ankle orthoses and taping is used as a prevention of ankle sprains among recreational and professional athletes. Purpose: The purpose of this literature review is to evaluate the use of ankle orthoses and taping as a prevention of ankle sprains. To evaluate the influence of ankle orthoses and taping on incidence of ankle sprains. To evaluate the influence of ankle taping and orthoses on limited ankle movement and their effect on physical performance of athletes. Methods: Thesis is a literature review, written with use of descriptive method. The search of the studies was in two languages, Slovenian and English. Literature review includes 9 studies. Results: The results are divided by the impact of orthoses and adhesive tape on the incidence of ankle sprain (4 surveys), by limiting the extent of movement (2 surveys) and the impact of external support on physical performance of athletes (3 surveys). Orthoses and ankle taping have impact on reducing the incidence of ankle sprains, in which orthoses make a significant reduction of the incidence compared to ankle taping. After half of sport activity tapes lose most of their restrictive ability, while orthoses lose just some of it. Ankle braces and taping do not affect functional performance of athletes. Discussion and conclusion: Ankle braces are an effective alternative use of taping. They as well as tapes limit the movement of the joint, reduce the incidence of ankle sprains, do not affect the functional performance in athletes, are more affordable compared to adhesive tapes and do not require a skilled worker for its application.

Keywords:ankle sprain, ankle taping, ankle bracing, ankle orthoses, prevention of ankle sprains

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