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Zdravstvena vzgoja pacienta s kronično obstruktivno pljučno boleznijo : diplomsko delo
ID Vučenović, Bojana (Author), ID Kvas, Andreja (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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PID: 20.500.12556/rul/0365a7e9-fe4d-4099-9e09-7a39272f0043

Abstract
Uvod: Kronična obstruktivna pljučna bolezen se začne tiho ter napreduje počasi in vztrajno. Najpogosteje zbolevajo kadilci, ki jih je zaradi sodobnega načina življenja vedno več. Bolezen lahko vodi v hudo invalidnost in celo smrt, zato so zgodnje odkrivanje in zdravljenje ter zdravstvena vzgoja pacienta s kronično pljučno boleznijo ključnega pomena pri ohranjanju kakovosti njegovega življenja. Namen: Namen diplomskega dela je predstaviti zdravstveno vzgojo pacienta s kronično obstruktivno pljučno boleznijo. Metode dela: Uporabljena je bila deskriptivna metoda dela s pregledom domače in tuje strokovne literature. Literatura je bila izbrana glede na ustreznost naslova na temo, glede na dostopnost člankov prek oddaljenega dostopa ter glede na jezik ((angleški in hrvaški) in časovno omejitev izdaje od leta 2005 do 2016. Razprava in sklep: Zdravstvena vzgoja poteka po vnaprej pripravljenem načrtu, katerega izvajalka je medicinska sestra. Načrt zdravstvene vzgoje pripravi medicinska sestra ter ga prilagodi glede na zdravstveno stanje in znanje pacienta. Medicinska sestra pacientu predstavi bolezen in pomembnost opustitve ali vsaj zmanjšanja kajenja, saj ga mnogi pacienti kljub bolezni še vedno ne želijo popolnoma opustiti. Pouči ga o pravilnem jemanju inhalacijske terapije, o pravilnem prehranjevanju ter o trajnem zdravljenju s kisikom na domu. V diplomskem delu je bila predstavljena zdravstvena vzgoja glede pravilnega jemanja inhalacijske terapije in pravilnega prehranjevanja ter trajnega zdravljenja s kisikom na domu. Ugotovljena je bila pomembnost vključitve in dodatnega izobraževanja medicinskih sester družinske medicine in patronažnih medicinskih sester, s čimer bi pri pacientih izboljšali potek zdravljenja in zmanjšali število hospitalizacij.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:pljučna bolezen, medicinske sestre, učenje, inhalacijska terapija, pršilniki, zdravljenje s kisikom na domu
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper
Organization:ZF - Faculty of Health Sciences
Year:2017
PID:20.500.12556/RUL-88912 This link opens in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:5231979 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:31.01.2017
Views:4334
Downloads:1945
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Health education of the patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease : degree work
Abstract:
Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is unnoticable at first, and then it progresses slowly, but steadily. It is common for smokers and can lead to severe invalidity or even death. It is therefore crucial for the disease to be diagnosed early on and for patients to be treated appropriately. Patients should also receive proper health education so they can keep the quality of life they are used to.Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to describe the health education of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Methods: A descriptive method was used with an overview of literature both from Slovenia and abroad. Literature was chosen based on the subject matter, its availability online, language (English and Croatian)), and its publication date – from 2005 do 2016. Discussion and conclusion: A nurse, following a prepared plan, carries out health education. A plan of health education is prepared by a nurse and adjusted in regards to a patient’s health and knowledge. A nurse explains the disease to the patient, along with the importance of smoking less or even completely quitting since many patients still smoke despite suffering from the disease. A nurse teaches the patient about proper diet and long-term oxygen treatment. The thesis describes the health education about proper inhalation therapy, proper dieting and long-term oxygen treatment at home. It establishes the importance of including and additionally educating general nurses as well as home care nurses which would improve treatment and lower the number of hospitalisations.

Keywords:pulmonary disease, nurses, health education, inhalation therapy, sprayers, oxygen therapy at home

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