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Ustavno sodišče kot pozitivni zakonodajalec
Kuhar, Matic (Author), Kaučič, Igor (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
V pravni teoriji je splošno sprejeto, da je vloga Ustavnega sodišča (so)ustvarjalna že s tem, ko razlaga pomen ustavnih določb. Kot korak več od tega lahko označimo primere, ko Ustavno sodišče sprejme splošno normo, ki z močjo zakona zavezuje svoje naslovnike. Ustavno sodišče Republike Slovenije (v nadaljevanju: Ustavno sodišče) to stori z določitvijo načina izvršitve svoje odločbe. Takšen vstop Ustavnega sodišča na polje zakonodajalca je bodisi posredno bodisi neposredno povezan z nekaterimi temeljnimi vprašanji ustavnega pomena, ki so na kratko povzeta v uvodnih poglavjih magistrskega diplomskega dela. Nadaljevanje magistrskega diplomskega dela najprej obravnava vprašanje izvrševanja odločb Ustavnega sodišča na splošno, saj v primerjavi z odločbami rednih sodišč pri izvrševanju odločb Ustavnega sodišča obstajajo določene posebnosti. Glavni del magistrskega diplomskega dela je posvečen pravni naravi in pravnim učinkom načina izvršitve odločbe Ustavnega sodišča, ki ga slednje sprejme na podlagi drugega odstavka 40. člena Zakona o ustavnem sodišču. Posebej so razdelani tudi učinki načina izvršitve odločbe v razmerju do zakonodajalca ter v sodnih in upravnih postopkih. V zadnjem delu magistrskega diplomskega dela so predstavljeni nekateri primeri iz ustavnosodne presoje Ustavnega sodišča. Nekatere izmed predstavljenih odločb, ki vsebujejo način izvršitve odločbe, so predstavljene kot pozitivni primeri uporabe instituta načina izvršitve odločbe, medtem ko nekateri drugi primeri predstavljajo način izvršitve odločbe, z izdajo katerega je Ustavno sodišče pregloboko vstopilo v polje zakonodajalca.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Ustavno sodišče – način izvršitve – pravni učinki odločb Ustavnega sodišča – načelo delitve oblasti – ustavnosodni nadzor
Work type:Master's thesis/paper (mb22)
Organization:PF - Faculty of Law
Year:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:15395665 This link opens in a new window
Views:2495
Downloads:745
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:CONSTITUTIONAL COURT AS A POSITIVE LEGISLATOR
Abstract:
In legal theory, it is generally accepted that the role of a Constitutional Court can be creative in interpreting constitutional provisions. As a step further we can declare cases when a Constitutional Court itself adopts a general norm, with the legally binding force of law. The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia implements this kind of norm by allowing itself determination of the manner of execution of a given decision. This intervention, the type which otherwise belongs to the legislator, is directly and indirectly associated with fundamental constitutional questions, those of which are presented in the introductory chapters of the thesis. Subsequent chapters of the thesis probe deeper in addressing the general rules by which the Constitutional Court decision can be executed. These rules, in more ways than one, often differ from the accepted rules of execution that govern regular court decisions. The main segment of the thesis is dedicated to the legal nature and legal effects resulting from the manner of executions of Slovene Constitutional Court decisions. These are provided to the Slovene Constitutional Court by Article 40, Paragraph 2 of the Constitutional Court Act. In addition, the thesis individually deals with the legal effects stemming from the manner of the executions of Constitutional Court decisions in relation to the legislator as well as in judicial and administrative procedures. The final part of the thesis offers a brief summary of the landmark cases in which the Slovene Constitutional Court exercised its authorisation per Article 40, Paragraph 2 of the Constitutional Court Act. Some of the summarised Constitutional Court decisions are offered as examples of positive practice of the manner of executions. Other decisions show that the Slovene Constitutional Court must be mindful when operating outside of its provided remit, and within the accepted realm of the legislator.

Keywords:Constitutional court – manner of execution – legal effects of Constitutional Court decisions – the principle of the separation of powers – judicial review

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