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Proces socializacije osebe s kombinacijo motenj avtističnega spektra in zmernimi motnjami v duševnem razvoju : diplomsko delo
Leber, Ksenija (Author), Jerman, Janez (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Kastelic, Lidija (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/4011/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Diplomsko delo prikazuje in opisuje življenje osebe, ki ima kombinacijo motenj avtističnega spektra in motenj v duševnem razvoju. Temelji na študiju primera osebe z motnjami avtističnega spektra in motnjami v duševnem razvoju. Teoretični del diplomskega dela temelji na teoretičnih izhodiščih motenj avtističnega spektra, motenj v duševnem razvoju in socializacije. Empirični del diplomskega dela opisuje razvoj, odraščanje in življenje Matevža. Njegovo odraščanje, učenje in proces socializacije je razdeljeno po življenjskih obdobjih: otroštvo, mladostništvo in Matevž danes, kot odrasla, že formirana osebnost. Vir informacij o njem smo dobili od njegovih staršev, iz njegove zdravniške kartoteke, individualiziranih programov skozi proces učenja in poučevanja, ter razgovora z vodjo Varstveno delovnega centra v Kranju, kamor je Matevž danes vključen. V diplomskem delu je predstavljen tudi intervju z mamo in opis, ter refleksija delavnic izkustvenega učenja na temo samopodobe in čustvovanja. Izvedenih je bilo deset delavnic, katerih cilj je bil, da oseba z motnjami avtističnega spektra in motnjami v duševnem razvoju, pridobi nova znanja in veščine na področju razvijanja pozitivne samopodobe in čustvovanja, kar vpliva na razvoj socializacije v procesu vseživljenjskega učenja. Matevž je preko posameznih iger v delavnicah samopodobe bolje spoznal sebe, svoje doživljanje, svoje reakcije. Na tovrsten način je obogatil razmišljanje o sebi in svojem življenju. Na koncu prvega dela delavnic samopodobe je znal poiskati svoje dobre lastnosti in veščine. Bil je sposoben sporočati o sebi drugim v skupini, znal se je pohvalit, bil je ponosen nase. Tako je krepil svojo samozavest in gradil bolj pozitivno samopodobo. Preko urjenja v igrah čustvenega opismenjevanja se je veliko naučil o čustvih in o svojem doživljanju čustev. Učil se je raznih ustreznih oblik pozitivnega reagiranja v različnih čustvenih situacijah. Na koncu drugega dela delavnic čustva je prepoznal določeno čustvo in ločil čustva med seboj. Sposoben je bil izraziti čustvo. Za ustrezno izražanje čustev bo potreboval še vaje utrjevanja izražanja čustev in veliko vzpodbude. Zanimiva so opažanja mame in terapevtov Varstveno delovnega centra o odzivanju Matevža po opravljenih delavnicah. Opazili so, da Matevž bolj nazorno prikaže svoja čustva. Ugotovili so, da se je pri Matevžu zmanjšala količina neustreznega vedenja oz. reagiranja v določenih njemu neprijetnih situacijah. Matevž je začel bolj navezovati medosebne stike z ostalimi varovanci. Napredek se je pokazal tudi v boljšem sodelovanju s skupino.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:-motnje avtističnega spektra, motnje v duševnem razvoju, razvijanje pozitivne samopodobe, čustveno opismenjevanje, delavnice s socialno-interakcijskimi igrami, študij primera
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2016
Publisher:[K. Leber]
Number of pages:65 str.
UDC:376(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:11274825 Link is opened in a new window
Views:271
Downloads:114
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Socialization process of a person with autistic disorder spectrum and mental growth disorder
Abstract:
Diploma thesis introduces and describes life of a person whose condition was diagnosed as a combination of autistic disorder spectrum and mental growth disorder. It bases on study case of a person with autistic disorder spectrum and mental growth disorder. Theoretical part of Diploma thesis focuses on theoretical starting points of autistic disorder spectrum, mental growth disorders and socialization. Empirical part of Diploma thesis describes development, growing period and life of Matevž. His growing period, learning and process of socialization are divided into age of youth, juvenility and Matevž in present age as an adult, already formed person. Source of information, we were getting from, was his parents, medical records, individualized programmes through learning and study process, and an interview with a Head of Occupational Activity Center where Matevž has actively been presently involved. In Diploma thesis there have also been an interview with his mother, description and reflexion of empirical learning workshops focusing on self-image and emoting. Ten workshops were performed ,with main goal for the person with autistic disorder spectrum and mental growth disorder to gain new knowledge and skills in the area of developing positive self-image and emoting, influencing on development of socialization in the process of life-long learning. Through individual games of self-image workshops Matevž got to know himself, his way of experiencing, his reactions better. This way he enriched his thinking of himself and about his own life. At the end of first part of self-image workshops he could find his good characteristics and skills. He was capable to communicate about himself to the group, to compliment himself. He was proud of himself. This way he was strengthening self-confidence and building up self-image. Through training of emotional literacy (alphabet) games he has learnt a great deal about emotions and experiencing emotions. He was learning about adequate forms of positive reacting in various emotional situations. At the end of second part of workshops of emoting he could recognize a particular emotion and was able to differentiate among them. He was capable to express an emotion. For adequate expressing emotions he will need more exercises and repetitions of expressing emotions and a great deal of encouragement. Mother's observation and observations of Occupational Activity Center therapists on Matevž's responses after performed workshops are interesting. They have noticed that Matevž expresses his emotions more explicitly. They have found out that the ammount of inadequate behaviour or reacting in explicit uncomfortable situations for him have diminished. Matevž started to establish interpersonal contacts with other inmates. He also showed progress in cooperative behaviour in group.

Keywords:socialization, autism, mentally handicapped, socializacija, avtizem, duševno prizadeti

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