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Razbremenitev Pake v Velenjsko jezero : diplomska naloga
Ivnik Dujovič, Gregor (Author), Steinman, Franci (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Kozelj, Daniel (Co-mentor)

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Abstract
V diplomskem delu je bila raziskana ideja zadrževanja Pake v Velenjskem jezeru pri visokovodnem valu s povratno dobo 100 let, saj bi v primeru takega dogodka Šoštanj ponovno trpel hudo gmotno škodo. Velenjsko jezero, ki se napaja iz hudourniških vodotokov gričevja Sopote in Lepene je eno večjih v Sloveniji, zato je bila v naši hipotezi pričakovana zadostna retenzijska sposobnost jezera. V primeru zadrževanja Pake v jezeru bi morali zadržati tudi Sopoto in Lepeno. Predpostavljeno je bilo, da se visokovodna valova Sopote in Lepene pojavita prej, zato bi čimvečji del teh valov odvedli še pred prihodom vala Pake. Za preverbo predpostavke sta bila v programu HEC-HMS 4.1 za povodji Sopote in Lepene, glede na ugotovljene podatke časovnega poteka stoletnih dnevnih padavin, topologije, pedologije ter rabe tal, izračunana hidrograma enote, ki sta podala podatke o času pojava konic pretoka, maksimalnem pretoku in volumnu. Hidrogram Pake je bil ob znanem stoletnem pretoku določen z analizo podatkov nihanja gladine ob večjih padavinskih dogodkih v zadnjih dveh letih in pol, odkar so vzpostavili samodejno merjenje na vodomerni postaji Velenje. Hidravlične razmere razbremenjevanja Pake v Velenjsko jezero v takšni meri, ki bi omogočila da se skozi Šoštanj spusti le tak pretok, ki bi ga bila struga zmožna prevajati, so bile izračunane v Excelu in nazorno predstavljene s pomočjo izrisanih grafikonov. Ugotovljeno je bilo, da se določeno količino visokega vala hudournikov lahko odvede še pred prihodom visokega vala Pake ter da je retenzijska zmožnost jezera dovoljšna za obravnavan ukrep. Možnost umestitve ukrepa v prostor je bila prikazana še z izdelavo idejne zasnove razbremenilnega objekta. Na koncu so se določile tudi smernice v morebitnih prihodnjih fazah študije.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:gradbeništvo, diplomska naloga, UNI, VOI, zadrževanje, razbremenjevanje, hidrogram enote, hidravlične razmere, histogram, HEC-HMS, čas zakasnitve, konica pretoka, bočni preliv
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FGG - Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering
Year:2016
Publisher:[G. Ivnik Dujovič]
Number of pages:X, 58 str., [17] str. pril.
UDC:627.8(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:7839585 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1181
Downloads:402
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Attenuating the Paka River into Velenje Lake
Abstract:
This diploma thesis explores the idea of impounding water from the Paka River in Lake Velenje in the event of a flood wave with a 100-year return period. If such an event were to take place, Šoštanj would once again be subject to substantial material damage. Lake Velenje, which feeds from torrential waters of the Sopota and Lepene hills, is one of the biggest lakes in Slovenia, so it was expected to have substantial capacity for water retention. If the Paka River were impounded in the lake, the Sopota and Lepena waters would have to be impounded as well. It was assumed that the flood waves from Sopota and Lepena would appear prior to the one from Paka, therefore some water from these waves would be drained before the arrival of the Paka wave. To test this assumption, the program HEC-HMS 4.1 was used to create hydrographs for Sopota and Lepena, which show information about peak flow times, maximum flow, and volume. The hydrographs were calculated using data about the timing of maximum daily precipitation with a 100-year return period that was researched and established within the thesis, as well as data on topology, pedology and soil use. The hydrograph for the Paka River was calculated through analysis of changes in water level during major precipitation events over the past two and a half years since automatic data collection was established at the Velenje gauging station. The hydraulic conditions for attenuating the Paka River into Velenje Lake at a scale that would only send as much water through Šoštanj as the existing stream banks can handle were calculated in Excel and visually presented using plotted graphs. It is established that a certain amount of the flood waves from torrential waters can be drained before the arrival of the flood wave from the Paka River and that, in this case, the retentive capacity of the lake is sufficient for the proposed measure. The possibility of implementing the proposed measure is further demonstrated by creating a conceptual design of the mitigating facility. Finally, guidelines are established for possible further phases of the study.

Keywords:graduation thesis, civil engineering, impoundment, attenuation, unit hydrograph, hydraulic measures, hystograph, HECHMS, latency time, peak flow, side weir

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