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Inducirano prometno povpraševanje kot posledica izboljšav cestne infrastrukture v Sloveniji : magistrsko delo
Marn, Tatjana (Author), Zavodnik Lamovšek, Alma (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Lipar, Peter (Co-mentor), Žura, Marijan (Thesis defence commission member), Maher, Tomaž (Thesis defence commission member)

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Abstract
V tem magistrskem delu smo potrdili hipotezo, da povečane zmogljivosti cest zaradi skrajšanja potovalnega časa vplivajo na večje število prepotovanih kilometrov z avtomobili. To potrjujejo rezultati študij tujih primerov. Ugotovili smo, da so tiste študije, ki so uspele potrditi vlogo induciranega prometa, številčnejše, kompleksnejše in novejše kot tiste, ki tega niso uspele. Med prebivalci Slovenije smo izvedli anketo navedenih preferenc, s katero smo preverjali delež anketirancev, ki bi se v hipotetičnem primeru izboljšave cestne infrastukture odločili za spremembo potovalnih navad v obliki posamezne vrste induciranega prometa pri štirih različnih tipih potovanj: na delovno mesto/šolo, nakupovanje, prostočasne dejavnosti in spremstvo otrok v vrtec/šolo. Ugotovili smo, da bi se pomemben delež anketirancev odločil za uporabo daljše ceste in za spremembo lokacije nakupov, lokacije prostočasnih dejavnosti, kraja dela/šolanja in kraja bivanja. Pri potovanju na prostočasne dejavnosti bi se prav tako velik delež anketirancev odločil za samostojno potovanje z avtomobilom namesto v družbi, za spremembo prometnega sredstva (za uporabo avtomobila namesto drugih prometnih sredstev) ter za pogostejše udejstvovanje na prostočasnih dejavnostih. Izračunali smo tudi statistično pomembne povezave med različnimi spremenljivkami. Anketirance smo razdelili v štiri skupine glede na to, za koliko sprememb potovalnih navad v obliki induciranega prometa bi se odločili: nespremenljivi, manj spremenljivi, bolj spremenljivi in zelo spremenljivi. Ugotovili smo, da je zelo spremenljivih statistično pomembno več žensk, več mlajših odraslih in več manj izobraženih. Raziskava je potrdila, da povečanje zmogljivosti cest zaradi skrajšanja potovalnega časa vpliva na potovalne navade prebivalcev Slovenije tako, da inducira avtomobilski promet. Na podlagi ankete smo zavrnili hipotezo, da sta pojava induciranega prometa in izginjajočega prometa med prebivalci Slovenije slabo poznana. Kljub nekaterim pomanjkljivostim raziskave je njena prednost v izboljšanem razumevanju različnih vrst induciranega prometa pri različnih tipih potovanj.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:geodezija, magistrska dela, induciran promet, elastičnost, potovalne navade, metoda navedenih preferenc
Work type:Master's thesis (m2)
Tipology:2.09 - Master's Thesis
Organization:FGG - Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering
Year:2016
Publisher:[T. Marn]
Number of pages:XIII f., 102 str., 31 str. pril.
UDC:656.1(497.4)(043.3)
COBISS.SI-ID:7637857 This link opens in a new window
Views:1590
Downloads:457
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Induced traffic demand, driven by road infrastructure improvements in Slovenia
Abstract:
In this master thesis we confirmed the hypothesis that increased road capacity due to shorter travel times results in increased number of kilometers travelled by car. It deals with a theoretical basis of induced travel as well as with a review of numerous case studies in the international literature, evaluating the volume of induced travel. We have concluded that those studies that attributed an important impact to induced travel are numerous, more complex and they are of more recent date than those studies who didn't prove the considerable importance of induced travel. We have carried out a survey on travel behaviour in Slovenia using stated preference method. We have asked the respondents to predict their behaviour in hypothetical case of road capacity improvement reducing the travel times for different types of travel: work/school, shopping, leisure activities and escort of children to kindergarten (school). The most often chosen changes of travel behaviour were: taking the longer road, changing the location of residence, work, shopping and leisure activities and increasing the frequency of leisure activities, taking the car instead of other means of transport and reducing car occupancy when travelling to leisure acitivies. The correlation between different variables were calculated. Four different groups of people were identified based on number of different travel behaviour changes chosen. It is more likely that those who have a strong tendency to change their behaviour are women, less educated, younger and inactive respondents. Research has confirmed that in hypothetical case travel behaviour changes would induce traffic in Slovenia and at the same time refute the hypothesis that induced travel and dissapearing traffic are unknown phenomena in Slovenia. The value of research stands in improved understanding of different types of induced travel.

Keywords:geodesy, master of science thesis, induced travel, elasticity, travel behaviour, stated preference methods

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