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Prehrana dializnih bolnikov : diplomsko delo
Strohsack, Nina (Author), Kostanjevec, Stojan (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/3633/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Bolniki s končno ledvično odpovedjo se vključijo v zdravljenje z dializo in temu prilagodijo tudi svojo prehrano, za katero je značilno, da vsebuje ustrezne količine kalija, natrija in fosforja, posebno pozornost pa bolniki namenjajo tudi uživanju tekočine. Glavni namen diplomskega dela je bil ugotoviti, kako so se prehranjevali dializni bolniki v letih 2010 in 2015 ter kakšno je njihovo poznavanje živil. V letih 2010 in 2015 sem v dveh dializnih centrih anketirala 150 dializnih bolnikov starih od 27 do 88 let. Od tega je bilo 94 moških in 56 žensk. V raziskavi sem ugotovila, da dializni bolniki pridobijo največ informacij o prehrani pri dializni medicinski sestri ter pri dializnem zdravniku. Anketiranim dializnim bolnikom je leta 2010 in 2015 predstavljalo največjo težavo v prehrani omejitev uživanja tekočine. Poznavanje živil z večjo vsebnostjo kalija, natrija in fosforja ne glede na leto raziskave in spol bolnika je slabo. Sladkorni bolniki na dializi ne poznajo podrobnosti ledvične in sladkorne diete in imajo več težav tako pri uravnavanju nivoja sladkorja v krvi kot tudi pri previsokemu vnosu kalija in tekočine med dvema dializama. Rezultati raziskave so pokazali najpogostejše težave v prehrani dializnih bolnikov. Na osnovi rezultatov preiskave lahko predlagam, da se izobraževanju o prehrani dializnih bolnikov nameni več pozornosti. Izobraževanje mora biti usmerjeno tudi v motivacijo bolnikov za zdrav način prehranjevanja.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:dializa, odpoved ledvic, sladkorna bolezen, dializni bolniki
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2016
Publisher:[N. Strohsack]
Number of pages:59 str.
UDC:616.61:612.39(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:11122505 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1533
Downloads:228
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Diet for dialysis patients
Abstract:
The patients with end stage renal failure are included in the treatment with dialysis and consequently have to adapt their diet, which is characterized by adequate amounts of potassium, sodium and phosphorus. Patients also give special attention to adequate liquid consumption. The main purpose of this Bachelor's thesis was to determine what the diet of dialysis patients in 2010 and 2015 was like and check patients' knowledge of food. In 2010 and 2015, 150 dialysis patients aged from 27 to 88 years were surveyed in two dialysis centers. There were 94 male and 56 female survey participants. In the research, it has been found out that dialysis patients obtain most information on nutrition from dialysis nurses and dialysis physicians. Both 2010 and 2015 survey participants told that limited liquid consumption was the major problem in terms of their diet. The knowledge of foods containing higher levels of potassium, sodium and phosphorus was poor independent of the year of the survey or the patient's gender. Diabetic patients on dialysis do not know the details of kidney and diabetes diets and have problems both with the regulation of blood sugar levels as well as with too high potassium intake and adequate liquid consumption in between two dialysis treatments. The results of the study have highlighted the most common problems in the diet of dialysis patients. The results suggest nutrition education for dialysis patients should be given more attention. What is more, the education should also motivate patients to follow a healthy diet.

Keywords:dialysis

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