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Glasbena pomoč predšolskima otrokoma s težavami v govornem in socialnem razvoju
ID Prelog, Marija (Author), ID Slosar, Mirko (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, ID Lipec Stopar, Mojca (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/3593/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Specialistično delo preučuje uspešnost pomoči z glasbo otrokom v predšolskem obdobju z lažjimi govorno-jezikovnimi motnjami, ki se kažejo kot težave pri izreki, razumevanju postavljenih vprašanj in preprostih navodil ter so običajno povezane z motnjami pozornosti in s težavami z motoriko. Na primeru dveh otrok z lažjo govorno-jezikovno motnjo smo preučevali učinke pomoči z glasbo v daljšem časovnem obdobju. Pri pomoči z glasbo smo uporabili metode vezane in nevezane glasbene improvizacije, petja izbranih pesmi in poslušanja izbranega glasbenega programa. Pri otrocih smo preučevali spremembe v verbalni in neverbalni komunikaciji, v zmanjšanju strahu pri izvajanju dejavnosti, v psihosocialni odzivnosti, motivaciji in koncentraciji. Srečanja pomoči so potekala individualno, v dvojicah in skupinsko. Rezultati raziskave kažejo, da je pomoč z glasbo pomembno prispevala k zmanjšanju strahu pred nekaterimi dejavnostmi, k izboljšanju neverbalne komunikacije in vzpostavljanju očesnega stika ter k samopodobi in samozavesti. Opazne so spremembe v psihosocialnem razvoju, pri pozornosti in koncentraciji ter pri motivaciji. Na področju govornih sposobnosti in razumevanja besedil nismo opazili bistvenih sprememb.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:predšolski otrok
Work type:Specialist thesis (m3)
Typology:2.10 - Specialist Thesis
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2016
COBISS.SI-ID:11101257 This link opens in a new window
Publication date in RUL:23.08.2016
Views:820
Downloads:158
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Music support of preschool children with difficulties in speech and social development
Abstract:
The specialist work studies the success of music therapy for children in their pre-school period with mild speech and language disorders, which are visible as problems in pronouncement and understanding of set questions and simple instructions and are usually associated with attention disorders and problems with motoric functions. We studied the effects of musical aid throughout a longer period of time on two children with a mild speech disorder. In music therapy, we used methods of linked and unlinked musical improvisation, singing of selected songs and listening to selected music programmes. We studied the changes in verbal and non-verbal communication, in the reduction of fear during performance of activities, in psychosocial response, motivation and concentration. The meetings were held individually, in pairs and in groups. The research results show that music therapy significantly contributed to the reduction of fear of certain activities, to the improvement of non-verbal communication, to the establishment of eye contact and to improvement of self-esteem and confidence. We found that there were noticeable changes in psychosocial development, the attention, concentration and motivation. We did not notice any significant changes in the field of speaking and understanding skills of texts.

Keywords:preschool child

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