izpis_h1_title_alt

Okoljski vpliv zunanjih sten iz naravnih gradiv : diplomska naloga
Miovski, Bozhin (Author), Kunič, Roman (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Pajek, Luka (Co-mentor), Košir, Mitja (Thesis defence commission member)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://drugg.fgg.uni-lj.si/5626/ New window
.pdfPDF - Presentation file, Download (1,61 MB)
.zipZIP - Appendix, Download (31,17 MB)

Abstract
V današnjem času se soočamo s problemom globalnega segrevanja, h kateremu prispeva tudi gradbena industrija. Eden izmed vplivnih dejavnikov je tudi način proizvodnje materialov, ki se uporabljajo v gradbeništvu. Procesi za proizvodnjo gradbenih materialov, ki se najpogosteje uporabljajo v gradbeništvu, zahtevajo zelo visoke temperature; energijo za doseganje teh temperatur pa večinoma pridobivamo z izgorevanjem fosilnih goriv. Z ozirom na zgoraj omenjeni problem smo poskušali ugotoviti, katera je okolju najbolj prijazna rešitev za gradnjo zunanjih sten v stavbah. V okviru diplomske naloge smo se osredotočili na tri naravne materiale, in sicer konopljo, slamo in les. Te materiale smo uporabili v konstrukcijskih sklopih, za katere smo izračunali ogljični odtis, nato pa smo jih primerjali z ogljičnim odtisom konstrukcijskih sklopov, ki se sicer najpogosteje uporabljajo v gradbeništvu (armirani beton, opeka). V nalogi smo najprej razložili toplogredne pline, ekvivalent CO2 in zakonodajo. Potem smo opisali materiale, ki smo jih uporabili (s poudarkom na slami in betonu iz konoplje), in način gradnje s temi materiali. Na koncu pa smo predstavili še uporabljene konstrukcijske sklope in njihov ogljični odtis. Ugotovili smo, da konstrukcijski sklop z najnižjim oz. negativnim ogljičnim odtisom predstavlja samonosilna konstrukcija iz slamnatih bal (zunanja stena). Najvišji ogljični odtis ima konstrukcijski sklop z nosilno konstrukcijo iz opeke, ki je bil podan zgolj za primerjavo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:gradbeništvo, diplomska naloga, B-GR, ogljični odtis, slama, industrijska konoplja, okoljski vpliv
Work type:Bachelor thesis/paper (mb11)
Tipology:2.11 - Undergraduate Thesis
Organization:FGG - Faculty of Civil and Geodetic Engineering
Year:2016
Publisher:[B. Miovski]
Number of pages:X, 49 str., [13] str. pril.
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:504.7:691.1(043.2)
COBISS.SI-ID:7555169 Link is opened in a new window
Views:611
Downloads:283
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Average score:(0 votes)
Your score:Voting is allowed only to logged in users.
:
Share: Bookmark and Share

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Environmental impact of external walls made of natural materials
Abstract:
One of the largest problems of today’s world is global warming. Construction industry contributes greatly to this issue, mainly because of the methods of manufacturing the materials used in construction. The processes of manufacturing said materials that are commonly used in construction require very high temperatures. The energy for achieving the necessary temperature is gained mostly by burning fossil fuels. Because of the above mentioned problem we have tried to find the most environmentally friendly solution for building external walls. Within the framework of this thesis, we have focused on three natural materials – hemp, straw and wood. We used these materials in construction assemblies, calculated their carbon footprints and then compared the results with the carbon footprints of the construction assemblies that are most widely used in construction (reinforced concrete, bricks). The thesis first describes what greenhouse gases and the CO2 equivalent are, and describes the legislation. After that, the used materials (with an emphasis on straw and hempcrete) and the method of construction with these materials are described. In the end, the used structural assemblies and their carbon footprints are presented. In the last part of the thesis, we present the conclusion that the loadbearing straw bale structure (external wall) is the structural assembly with the minimum or negative carbon footprint. The structural assembly with a load-bearing structure of brick, which is only included in the thesis for comparison, has the highest carbon footprint.

Keywords:carbon footprint, straw, hemp, environmental impact

Similar documents

Similar works from RUL:
Similar works from other Slovenian collections:

Comments

Leave comment

You have to log in to leave a comment.

Comments (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
There are no comments!

Back