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Postopki za umerjanje MEMS senzorjev
MODIC, ŽIGA (Author), Tomažič, Sašo (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window

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Abstract
Diplomsko delo opisuje testiranje različnih umeritvenih postopkov inercijskih sistemov, s katerimi je možno odpraviti določene pomanjkljivosti, napake in posledično izboljšati meritev. Izvor in velikost napak je v posameznih senzorjih v večini primerov neznana, zato sem z metodo Allan varianca najprej določil karakteristiko naključnih procesov (beli šum, lezenje …). Napake senzorjev se v procesu umerjanja modelirajo z različnimi matematičnimi modeli, zato je tudi točnost in zanesljivost umeritvenih postopkov različna. V diplomskem delu sem z MIMS (SU6DOF) testiral natančnost šestih različnih umeritvenih metod pri znanih pogojih. Izmed vseh testiranih postopkov je bila najboljša in hkrati tudi najpreprostejša metoda Stančin, ki je imela za pospeškometer in žiroskop najmanjšo napako. Pri primerjavi različnih umeritvenih metod za magnetometer pa se je izkazalo, da različne metode dosegajo podobne rezultate. Izrazita je bila le razlika v velikosti napake med statično in dinamično umeritvijo magnetometra.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:MEMS, umerjanje, pospeškometer, žiroskop, magnetometer, Allan varianca
Work type:Undergraduate thesis (m5)
Organization:FE - Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Year:2016
Views:962
Downloads:746
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Methods for MEMS sensors calibration
Abstract:
The thesis describes testing of various calibration procedures of the magnetic inertial measurement system (MIMS), with which certain deficiencies, and errors can be eliminated, and consequently measurement can be improved. Errors of individual sensors are in most of the cases unknown, therefore, I first determined the characteristics of random processes (white noise, drift etc.) using the Allan variance method. Every sensor has its own errors that are modelled in the process of calibration with an appropriate numerical model. Therefore, the accuracy and reliability of calibration procedures is different. The performance of six different calibration procedures in known conditions was empirically evaluated using a commercially available MIMS (SU6DOF). A series of tests for accelerometer and gyroscopes have shown that the best method in terms of accuracy, simplicity, and errors was presented by Stančin. A comparison of various calibration methods for a magnetometer however, showed no difference in total average error. Only a difference in the size of the error among the static and dynamic calibration of magnetometer was distinct.

Keywords:MEMS, calibration, accelerometer, gyroscope, magnetometer, Allan variance

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