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Poklicna orientacija učencev in učenk s posebnimi potrebami v osnovni šoli
Medič, Manuela (Author), Vogrinc, Janez (Mentor) More about this mentor... This link opens in a new window, Ozbič, Martina (Co-mentor)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://pefprints.pef.uni-lj.si/3283/ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Poklicna odločitev je ena od pomembnejših odločitev, ki jih mora sprejeti posameznik v svojem življenju. Odločitev o nadaljnjem šolanju oz. poklicu je odvisna od različnih dejavnikov. V magistrskem delu smo predstavili in analizirali dejavnike, ki vplivajo na otrokovo/mladostnikovo poklicno odločitev. Zanimalo nas je, ali se pri tem pojavljajo razlike med učenci/učenkami s posebnimi potrebami, ki imajo odločbo o usmeritvi, in njihovimi vrstniki (brez posebnih potreb). V teoretičnem delu je predstavljena zgodovina poklicne orientacije, strokovna terminologija s področja poklicne orientacije, dejavnosti in faze poklicne orientacije, teorije izbire poklica in značilnosti ter šolanje otrok s posebnimi potrebami. Ker je eden od pomembnih dejavnikov uspešnega poklicnega odločanja šola, nas je v empiričnem delu zanimalo, kako so učenci zadovoljni z delom svetovalne službe na področju poklicnega informiranja in svetovanja. Raziskali smo tudi, kje oz. od koga učenci dobijo največ informacij s področja poklicev in nadaljnjega izobraževanja ter koliko so pri pridobivanju informacij sami aktivni. Ugotavljali smo tudi, kako devetošolci sprejmejo odločitev glede nadaljnjega izobraževanja in v katere srednješolske programe se vpisujejo. Učenci pri poklicni odločitvi najbolj upoštevajo svoje želje in interese ter sposobnosti. Največ informacij s poklicnega področja dobijo od staršev, svetovalnih delavcev v šoli in preko interneta. Čeprav smo ugotovili, da so učenci v večini zadovoljni s poklicnim informiranjem in svetovanjem v osnovni šoli, pa je na tem področju še vseeno potrebno veliko narediti. Predlagamo, da bi svetovalni delavci več svojega časa lahko namenili poklicni orientaciji, to pa bi lahko dosegli z njihovo razbremenitvijo različnih administrativnih del, z uvedbo ur poklicne orientacije v kurikulum, s poklicno vzgojo pri različnih predmetih, z boljšim sodelovanjem z zunanjimi institucijami in drugimi ustanovami, povezanimi s poklici ... Poleg tega bi bilo po našem mnenju treba za učence in učenke s posebnimi potrebami v individualiziran program dodati poklicno področje vsaj od 6. razreda dalje.

Language:Unknown
Keywords:poklicna orientacija
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Organization:PEF - Faculty of Education
Year:2015
COBISS.SI-ID:10854985 This link opens in a new window
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Downloads:107
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Secondary language

Language:Unknown
Title:Vocational orientation of pupils with special needs in primary school
Abstract:
A vocational decision is one of the most important decisions that an individual must make in a lifetime. Deciding on further education or choosing one's profession depends on many factors. In this master's thesis we introduced and analyzed factors that influence a child/adolescent's vocational decision. We were interested in whether or not there exist any differences between pupils with special needs and those without special needs. The theoretical part of the thesis introduces a history of vocational orientation, professional terminology, activities and phases of vocational orientation, theories of choosing one's profession and characteristics and education of children with special needs. Because school represents one of the important factors of a successful vocational orientation, the empirical part researched the pupils' satisfaction with school counseling work concerning vocational information and counseling. We also researched how pupils get the majority of information about profession and further education and how involved they are themselves in the process of information gathering. We also wanted to find out how pupils in the ninth grade make their decision about further schooling and in which secondary school programs they mostly enroll in. When making their vocational decisions, pupils mostly consider their own wishes, interests and abilities. They receive the majority of information regarding their vocational field from their parents, school counselors, and on the internet. Although we found out that the majority of pupils are satisfied with vocational information and counseling in elementary school, there is nevertheless still a lot to be done regarding this subject. We suggest that school counselors devote more of their time for vocational orientation which could be done by relieving them of administrative work, with introducing lessons on vocational orientation in the school curriculum, with vocational education at different school subjects, with better cooperation with institutions connected with professions, etc. Furthermore, in our opinion, a vocational field should be included in individual programs for pupils with special needs; at least starting from grade six.

Keywords:vocational orientation

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