izpis_h1_title_alt

Human rights and great power politics: : a social scientist's view
Reiterer, Albert F. (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-XCWANBFS This link opens in a new window

Abstract
V znameniti razpravi o večnem miru je Kant dokazoval, da so mir, svoboda in človeški napredek odvisni od pluralnosti politično tekmujočih neodvisnih držav, in poudarjal, da se nobena država ne sme nasilno vmešavati v ureditev in vladanje druge države. Pojem človekovih pravic pa zadeva, kot ga danes dobesedno razumemo, vse ljudi ne glede na njihovo nacionalno in kulturno pripadnost ali njihov položaj v hierarhiji svetovnega političnega sistema. Kot družboslovci moramo raziskovati različne pomene in funkcije te kompleksne ideje v razmerah enopolarne svetovne ureditve, v kateri ima odločilen vojaški in politični položaj ena sama supersila. Članek proučuje univerzalistični pristop k človekovim pravicam v politični stvarnosti. Poudarja, da se inherentni univerzalizem človekovih pravic uporablja za njihovo instrumentalizacijo v krepitvi hegemoničnih odnosov v zahodnih in drugih družbah. Tega stališča ne gre zamenjevati z apologetskim dokazovanjem nekaterih držav, npr. LR Kitajske, da so človekove pravice zahodne ideje in neuporabne za druge družbe. Vendar pa je treba ugotoviti, kje so razlogi za take namerne nesporazume. Z instrumentalizacijo pojma človekovih pravic so prizadeti tudi tisti, ki trpijo zaradi odsotnosti človekovih pravic. Članek se zaključuje z zahtevo po politiki doslednega vojaškega neintervencionizma, dabi s tem prevrednotili človekove pravice in jim povrnili veljavo temeljne listine človeštva. Demokratična tradicija mora biti obvarovana pred negacijo demokracije, ki drugim političnim enotam vsiljuje razsodbe vplivnih držav.

Language:English
Keywords:velesile, človekove pravice, svetovni sistem, intervencionizem, instrumentalizem, mednarodna politika, super powers, human rights, world system, interventionism, instrumentalism, international politics
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2000
Number of pages:Str. 15-24
Numbering:Vol. 7, no. 1
UDC:342.7
ISSN on article:1318-3222
COBISS.SI-ID:19739741 This link opens in a new window
Views:650
Downloads:319
Metadata:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Average score:(0 votes)
Your score:Voting is allowed only to logged in users.
:
Share:AddThis
AddThis uses cookies that require your consent. Edit consent...

Record is a part of a journal

Title:Javnost
Shortened title:Javnost
Publisher:Evropski inštitut za komuniciranje in kulturo
ISSN:1318-3222
COBISS.SI-ID:40119808 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:Unknown
Title:Človekove pravice in politika velikih sil
Abstract:
In his famous essay, "On Perpetual Peace" (1795/1987), Kant argued that peace, freedom, and human progress were dependent on the existence of a plurality of politically competing units of independent states. In his 5th "preliminary article" he wrote: "No state may intervene violently in the constitution and the government of another state." The concept of Human Rights applies, however -- taking it literally according to our common understanding today -- to all human beings irrespective of their national or cultural belonging, or their position in the hierarchical setting of the political world system. As social scientists we must investigate the different meanings and functions this complex idea assumes under the condition of a unipolar world order, dominated militarily and politically by one single hyperpower. This contribution investigates the universalist approach to Human Rights in political reality. It argues that the inherent universalism of Human Rights is used to instrumentalise them for strengthening the hegemonic relations of modernising strata within states and their populations in westernand non-western societies. That argument is by no means to be confounded with the apologetic arguments of some states (e.g., the PRC) that Human Rights are Western ideas and not applicable to non-western societies. Nevertheless, it asks for the roots of those purposeful misunderstandings. By its instrumentalisation, the concept of Human Rights may be damaged also for those suffering under its absence. Finally, this essay pleads for a policy of strict non-intervention in military terms to re-evaluate Human Rights and return their dignity as the fundamental charter of humankind. Democratic transition needs to be protected against the very denial of democracy, which is forcing on other political units the prejudices of the more powerful states.


Similar documents

Similar works from RUL:
Similar works from other Slovenian collections:

Comments

Leave comment

You have to log in to leave a comment.

Comments (0)
0 - 0 / 0
 
There are no comments!

Back